The Industrial Revolution And British Society

Author: Patrick O'Brien
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521437448
Size: 11.76 MB
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The Industrial Revolution and British Society is an original and wide-ranging textbook survey of the principal economic and social aspects of the Industrial Revolution in Britain in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The distinguished international team of contributors each focus on topics currently at the very center of scholarly interest, and draw together the very latest research in an accessible and stimulating manner: the intention throughout is to introduce a broad student readership to important, but less familiar aspects and consequences of the first Industrial Revolution.

James Watt

Author: Ben Russell
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1780234023
Size: 80.38 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer James Watt (1736–1819) is best known for his pioneering work on the steam engine that became fundamental to the incredible changes and developments wrought by the Industrial Revolution. But in this new biography, Ben Russell tells a much bigger, richer story, peering over Watt’s shoulder to more fully explore the processes he used and how his ephemeral ideas were transformed into tangible artifacts. Over the course of the book, Russell reveals as much about the life of James Watt as he does a history of Britain’s early industrial transformation and the birth of professional engineering. To record this fascinating narrative, Russell draws on a wide range of resources—from archival material to three-dimensional objects to scholarship in a diversity of fields from ceramics to antique machine-making. He explores Watt’s early years and interest in chemistry and examines Watt’s partnership with Matthew Boulton, with whom he would become a successful and wealthy man. In addition to discussing Watt’s work and incredible contributions that changed societies around the world, Russell looks at Britain’s early industrial transformation. Published in association with the Science Museum London, and with seventy illustrations, James Watt is not only an intriguing exploration of the engineer’s life, but also an illuminating journey into the broader practices of invention in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Published in association with the Science Museum, London

Society And Economy In Modern Britain 1700 1850

Author: Richard Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134982763
Size: 74.65 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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For both contemporaries and later historians the Industrial Revolution is viewed as a turning point' in modern British history. There is no doubt that change occurred, but what was the nature of that change and how did affect rural and urban society? Beginning with an examination of the nature of history and Britain in 1700, this volume focuses on the economic and social aspects of the Industrial Revolution. Unlike many previous textbooks on the same period, it emphasizes British history, and deals with developments in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland in their own right. It is the emphasis on the diversity, not the uniformity of experience, on continuities as well as change in this crucial period of development, which makes this volume distinctive. In his companion title Richard Brown completes his examination of the period and looks at the changes that took place in Britain's political system and in its religious affiliations.

Sick Not Dead

Author: James C. Riley
Size: 42.40 MB
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The life expectancy of British workers rose dramatically during the nineteenth century, a period when workingmen routinely began to consult doctors. While rates of sickness fell, the length of episodes of disease and injury became more protracted. Instead of dying at relatively young ages, workingmen survived longer and experienced more sickness. In Sick, Not Dead, James C. Riley traces these developments and examines the arrangements made for providing medical care to workers. Drawing on the work attendance and sick visit records of British friendly societies, Riley explores how these organizations provided workingmen with access to doctors and regulated compensation for wages lost due to sickness. He finds in this period the roots of today's doctor-patient relationship. In the 1870s, when a small number of patients could choose among a relatively large number of doctors, patients demanded and got frequent and convenient consultations for low fees. But in the 1890s, working people sacrificed their advantage: as the number of patients increased, they began accepting their doctors' excuses for care they previously had rejected as inattentive or deficient. In the 1910s and 1920s, the doctors improved their own organization and used it to seize control of the fee schedule. Using the extensive claims records of the societies, Riley also explores the regional patterns of sickness in Britain from 1870 to 1910 and addresses the question of how policies that promoted lower mortality affected rates and duration of sickness.

Walford S Guide To Reference Material Social And Historical Sciences Philosophy And Religion

Author: Albert John Walford
Publisher: London : Library Association Pub.
Size: 78.38 MB
Format: PDF
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A revised and updated guide to reference material. It contains selective and evaluative entries to guide the enquirer to the best source of reference in each subject area, be it journal article, CD-ROM, on-line database, bibliography, encyclopaedia, monograph or directory. It features full critical annotations and reviewers' comments and comprehensive author-title and subject indexes. The contents include: philosophy and psychology; religion; social sciences, sociology, statistics, politics, economics, labour and employment; land and property, business organizations, finance and banking, and economic surveys; economic policies and controls, trade and commerce, business and management, and law; public administration, social services and welfare, education, customs and traditions; geography; biography; and history.

World Trade Since 1431

Author: Peter J. Hugill
Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
Size: 28.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In 1431 the Portuguese navigator Velho set sail into the Atlantic, establishing a trade route to the Azores and marking the beginning of commerce with the West as we know it today. Equipped with reliable maps and instruments for open-ocean navigation and highly sea-worthy, three-masted, cannon-armed ships, Portugal soon dominated the Atlantic trade routes - until the diffusion of Portuguese technologies to wealthier polities made Holland the eventual successor, owing to its geographic position and its immense commercial fleet. It is precisely this interplay of technology and geography, argues Peter J. Hugill, that has guided the evolution of the modern global capitalistic system. Tracing the relationship between technology and economy over the past 550 years, Hugill finds that the nations that developed and marketed new technologies best were the nations that rose to world power, while those that held onto outdated technologies fell behind. Moreover, he argues, major changes in transportation and communication technologies actually constituted the moments of transformation from one world economy to another; the ramifications of technological change consistently influenced all aspects of the capitalist world system, including economic development, geopolitical strategy, and world system hegemony. Finally, Hugill applies the same analysis to project the future of the transnational global system we have today.