Berenike And The Ancient Maritime Spice Route

Author: Steven E. Sidebotham
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520948386
Size: 69.99 MB
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The legendary overland silk road was not the only way to reach Asia for ancient travelers from the Mediterranean. During the Roman Empire’s heyday, equally important maritime routes reached from the Egyptian Red Sea across the Indian Ocean. The ancient city of Berenike, located approximately 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal, was a significant port among these conduits. In this book, Steven E. Sidebotham, the archaeologist who excavated Berenike, uncovers the role the city played in the regional, local, and "global" economies during the eight centuries of its existence. Sidebotham analyzes many of the artifacts, botanical and faunal remains, and hundreds of the texts he and his team found in excavations, providing a profoundly intimate glimpse of the people who lived, worked, and died in this emporium between the classical Mediterranean world and Asia.

Berenike And The Ancient Maritime Spice Route

Author: Steven E. Sidebotham
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520244303
Size: 16.31 MB
Format: PDF
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“For almost a millennium, from its foundation in the third century BCE to late antiquity, the Red Sea port of Berenike was a key part of the sea route that linked the Mediterranean to South Asia. The excavations conducted by Professor Sidebotham and his international team have provided unprecedented detail about the urban history of Berenike, the lives of its inhabitants, its role in the spice trade, and the products that passed through its port. Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route is a major contribution to world historical scholarship that will fundamentally change our understanding of ancient trade in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.” —Stanley M. Burstein, California State University, Los Angeles “With singular focus and an indefatigable spirit, Sidebotham has pursued the remote and difficult site of Berenike. After ten excavation seasons, only a portion of the site has been excavated, but the dividends have been magnificent, yielding exciting new archeological evidence that illuminates the flourishing maritime sea trade in antiquity beyond any reasonable expectation. Sidebotham places Bernike in the larger contextual framework and considers it from every possible angle, including the transportation lattice that connected Berenike with the Nile, its relations with other emporia, the merchant ships used, the exotic trade items it received, and a fascinating explanation of the demise of Berenike and ‘global’ trade in the sixth century. This engrossing analysis is destined to become the standard source for all who are interested in the international trade of antiquity.” —David F. Graf, author of Rome and the Arabian Frontier: from the Nabataeans to the Saracens

Osteotomies Around The Knee

Author: Philipp Lobenhoffer
Publisher: Thieme
ISBN: 3131476311
Size: 13.29 MB
Format: PDF
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Written by leading surgeons with expertise in performing osteotomies around the knee, this book is an essential reference for the current techniques in joint-preserving knee surgery. The book opens with a thorough discussion of physiology, pathophysiology, clinical evaluation, and imaging. It then describes the indications and basic principles of treatment and provides a detailed planning algorithm for high-tibial osteotomy. Separate chapters cover various clinical applications, addressing important topics ranging from the effects of osteotomies on cartilage pressure in the knee to management for failed osteotomies around knee. The book also discusses the latest technological developments in the field, such as computer-assisted navigation and the development of plate fixators.Features: Clinical insights and practical tips from experts in the field Detailed presentation of surgical techniques Numerous high-quality images and illustrations demonstrating key concepts Discussion of how to manage complications after high-tibial open-wedge osteotomy

Ports Of The Ancient Indian Ocean

Author: Marie-Françoise Boussac
Publisher: Primus Books
ISBN: 9789384082079
Size: 19.89 MB
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Ports of the Ancient Indian Ocean looks at the multisided role that 'ports' played in the exchange and transfer of knowledge between the 'Indian Ocean' and Mediterranean societies. Through the early Greek Periplus to minute descriptions by the Portuguese in the late sixteenth century or French archives of the colonial period, an accurate knowledge was gradually developed and transmitted on what is now called the Indian Ocean. The contributions focus on the nature of this knowledge, its history and status, using and combining new archaeological data and recent publications of textual material. They deal with material originating from the Red Sea to India, through Arabia and the Persian Gulf, shedding a new light on ancient ports and maritime contacts, with a special interest not only on India but on related areas as well, such as Sri Lanka and South-East Asia.

An Introduction To The Archaeology Of Ancient Egypt

Author: Kathryn A. Bard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118896033
Size: 41.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This student-friendly introduction to the archaeology of ancient Egypt guides readers from the Paleolithic to the Greco-Roman periods, and has now been updated to include recent discoveries and new illustrations. • Superbly illustrated with photographs, maps, and site plans, with additional illustrations in this new edition • Organized into 11 chapters, covering: the history of Egyptology and Egyptian archaeology; prehistoric and pharaonic chronology and the ancient Egyptian language; geography, resources, and environment; and seven chapters organized chronologically and devoted to specific archaeological sites and evidence • Includes sections on salient topics such as the constructing the Great Pyramid at Giza and the process of mummification

Rome And The Distant East

Author: Raoul McLaughlin
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1847252354
Size: 72.73 MB
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Studies the complex system of trade exchanges and commerce that profoundly changed Roman society.

Empires Of Ancient Eurasia

Author: Craig Benjamin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108585124
Size: 70.35 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Silk Roads are the symbol of the interconnectedness of ancient Eurasian civilizations. Using challenging land and maritime routes, merchants and adventurers, diplomats and missionaries, sailors and soldiers, and camels, horses and ships, carried their commodities, ideas, languages and pathogens enormous distances across Eurasia. The result was an underlying unity that traveled the length of the routes, and which is preserved to this day, expressed in common technologies, artistic styles, cultures and religions, and even disease and immunity patterns. In words and images, Craig Benjamin explores the processes that allowed for the comingling of so many goods, ideas, and diseases around a geographical hub deep in central Eurasia. He argues that the first Silk Roads era was the catalyst for an extraordinary increase in the complexity of human relationships and collective learning, a complexity that helped drive our species inexorably along a path towards modernity.

Trade In The Ancient Sahara And Beyond

Author: D. J. Mattingly
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110719699X
Size: 28.99 MB
Format: PDF
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Demonstrates that the pre-Islamic Sahara was a more connected region than previously thought, with trade an essential linking element.

The Oxford Companion To Indian Archaeology

Author: Dilip K. Chakrabarti
ISBN: 0195673425
Size: 64.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This authoritative work, the first comprehensive study of its kind, traces the evolving archaeological scenario of the Indian subcontinent, area by area, phase by phase, from prehistory to the thirteenth century AD. Using a wide variety of sources, distinguished scholar Dilip K. Chakrabarti provides an in-depth multi-layered archaeological chronicle of the subcontinent.

The Geography Of Transport Systems

Author: Jean-Paul Rodrigue
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317210107
Size: 53.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This expanded and revised fourth edition of The Geography of Transport Systems provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application. Aimed mainly at an undergraduate audience, it provides an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation and focuses on how the mobility of passengers and freight is linked with geography. The book is divided in ten chapters, each covering a specific conceptual dimension, including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts, and updated with the latest information available. The fourth edition offers new material on the issues of transport and the economy, city logistics, supply chains, security, energy, the environment, as well as a revised content structure. With over 160 updated photographs, figures and maps, The Geography of Transport Systems presents transportation systems at different scales ranging from global to local and focuses on different contexts such as North America, Europe and East Asia. This volume is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interested in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering. A companion web site, which contains additional material, has been developed for the book and can be found here: