Civil Rights In Public Service

Author: Phillip J. Cooper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317516362
Size: 30.24 MB
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Promises of justice and equality made in the U.S. Constitution, numerous Amendments, and decisions of the Supreme Court are hallmarks of American civil rights. Yet the realities of inequality remain facts of modern life for too many Native Americans, African Americans, and Latino Americans, even though state-mandated racial segregation has been outlawed for years. Women still face a variety of forms of discrimination—some subtle and others more overt. There remain many laws that treat people differently because of sexual orientation. People with disabilities are supposed to be protected by a variety of statutes, but many of these policies remain unfulfilled promises. These are just some of the many challenges of civil rights that persist in a nation that proudly points to the words above the entrance to the U.S. Supreme Court that read "Equal Justice Under Law." This text is for public service professionals—whether they are in government agencies, in nonprofit organizations that provide social services for government, or contractors who operate as state actors—who face a twofold challenge. First, they serve an increasingly diverse community with a range of complex challenges. Second, they work and manage within organizations that, fortunately, are themselves more diverse than ever before. For those who work and serve in such settings, civil rights is not an abstract academic study, but a critically important and very practical fact of daily life. Through an engaging exploration of edited court cases, legislation, and speeches, this text examines the civil rights law and policy pertaining to African Americans, Native Americans, Latinos/Latinas, gender, sexual orientation, and disabilities, to learn what civil rights require, but also to come to a more empathetic understanding of how different groups of people understand civil rights and the unique challenges they face. Each chapter further considers key public policy hurdles in the fight for civil rights as well as the implications for public service practice.

Civil Rights And Public Accommodations

Author: Richard C. Cortner
Size: 64.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The struggle for civil rights in America was fought at the lunch counter as well as in the streets. It ultimately found victory in the halls of government—but, as Richard Cortner reveals, only through a creative use of congressional power and critical judicial decisions. Title II of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibited discrimination in public accommodations, and shortly after its passage blacks were refused service at the Heart of Atlanta Motel and at Ollie's Barbecue in Birmingham, Alabama, as a test of the new law by business owners who claimed the right to choose their own customers. These challenges made their way to the Supreme Court, becoming landmark cases frequently cited in law. Until now, however, they have never benefited from book-length analysis. Cortner provides an inside account of the litigation in both decisions to tell how they spelled the end to segregation in the South The fact that blacks could not travel in the South without assured access to food and lodging led Congress to enforce civil rights on the basis of its authority to regulate interstate commerce. The Supreme Court unanimously sustained Title II's constitutionality under the commerce clause in both test cases, joining the executive and legislative branches in defining the power of the federal government to desegregate society, even by circuitous means. Drawing on justice department files, Supreme Court justices' papers, and records of defense attorneys, Cortner provides the background for the cases, including previous legal battles over sit-ins. He describes the roles of key players in the litigation—particularly Solicitor General Archibald Cox and members of the Warren Court. In addition, he uses presidential files, oral histories, and other primary sources to give readers a clear picture of the forces at work in the creation, implementation, and validation of the Civil Rights Act. Cortner's thorough account illuminates the nature of constitutional litigation and the judicial process, as well as the role of the Constitution and law, in two decisions that marked the crowning achievement of the civil rights movement and changed the face of America forever.

Gay Lesbian Bisexual And Transgender Civil Rights

Author: Wallace Swan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466567333
Size: 67.28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book could be aptly entitled After Marriage—What Is Next for the LGBT Community? Now that marriage is increasingly being institutionalized in many states within the United States it is quite likely that marriage will be acceptable in all 50 states (dependent upon action of the U.S. Supreme Court). What lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender public policy issues then remain to be addressed? Based on the editor and his team of contributors’ collective years of work and experience at the forefront of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender issues, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Civil Rights: A Public Policy Agenda for Uniting a Divided America presents fresh information about the current status and insights into the future directions of the L.G.B.T. movement. The editors take a firm stance on equality and gauge the forward movement in favor of this equality as the metric of success. They present a contemporary analysis of LGBT civil rights based on the actions and policies occurring on the federal, state, and local level. The book discusses political party stances in the U.S. legislative and executive branches, highlighting state and national challenges and complexities. The coverage includes the successful LGBT effort to partner with organizations, including churches and educational institutions as well as non-profits, and presents the successes (and failures) of grassroots movements around the country. The legacy of a long-standing cultural war against GLBT people, as well as rampant discrimination, is reflected in many areas. As GLBT policies evolve and take shape, and new voices of the movement emerge, these issues can be shown to pervade a number of policy areas including mental and physical healthcare, race, poverty and homelessness, religion, immigration, senior issues, the role of family in the LGBT community, bisexuality and transgender issues, the effect of economics on creation of homicides and hate crimes, education, business, and workforce diversity. A collection of fascinating contemporary perspectives, this book explores the breadth and depth of the many "divides"—socioeconomic, race, age, healthcare, immigration, education, and income—including those that intersect within the GLBT community. For any reader who really wants to know about the current and future development of the LGBT community, this is an invaluable book.

Public Administration Theories

Author: L. Dong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113753642X
Size: 42.51 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book examines key public administration theories from the perspective of instrumental and value rationalities. The theories are analyzed on core value, assumption about human nature, methodology, role of government, and disciplinary positioning. The author traces the historical trajectory of each of the two camps of theories.

The Potomac Chronicle

Author: Harold C. Fleming
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820336238
Size: 61.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From the Kennedy administration through the end of the Reagan era, the Potomac Institute gave vital, behind-the-scenes support to countless public-and-private-sector initiatives related to equal opportunity, urban social problems, and race relations. Part history and part memoir of Harold C. Fleming, the institute's leader, The Potomac Chronicle tells for the first time how the institute served as a creative broker of talent, ideas, and resources among minorities, activists, and interest groups. Owing to Fleming's dedication, coolheadedness, and low-key approach, no other such organization was as well linked to—and as trusted by—both government policymakers and southern civil rights leaders. In the context of major national trends and events, The Potomac Chronicle tells of the institute's role in the Kennedy administration's civil rights policy debates, in helping the Defense Department set up what would become model guidelines for civil rights compliance by federal contractors, and in informing, educating, and reassuring Americans about Lyndon Johnson's Civil Rights Act. Other accomplishments discussed include the institute's involvement in forming the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, tying civil rights requirements to government programs and private practices in education, housing, and employment, and, in the years before it closed in 1988, helping defend affirmative action.

Ethics In Public Service

Author: Richard A. Chapman
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773591575
Size: 25.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Specialists from the U.S., Canada, Britain, Australia and Sweden focus on topics from the field of public service ethics. They cover promotion of ethics, the teaching of ethics, freedom of information, trade unions, protection of human rights and legal aspects of public service ethics.

Btec National In Public Services Student Book 2

Author: Debra Gray
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN: 9780435456580
Size: 27.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Written by experienced lecturers, these two Student Books and Tutor's Resource File provide your students with everything they need to achieve the BTEC National in Public Services - at Award, Certificate and Diploma Level.

Human Resource Management In Public Service

Author: Evan M. Berman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452285667
Size: 14.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Human Resource Management in Public Service: Paradoxes, Processes, and Problems Fourth Edition offers provocative and thorough coverage of the complex issues of management in the public sector, from both employee and managerial viewpoints. It discusses the issues, explains how they arise, and suggests what can be done about them. It continues to offer paradoxical perspectives about the inherent challenges as well as the unique political and legal context of the public sector management within which they take place. The book covers all of the stages of the employment process, including recruitment, selection, training, legal rights and responsibilities, compensation, and appraisal. Grounded in real public service experiences, the book emphasizes hands-on skill building and problem solving.

The Political Ethics Of Public Service

Author: Vera Vogelsang-Coombs
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113749400X
Size: 42.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book provides a defense of democratic politics in American public service and offers the political ethics of public service as a realistic and optimistic alternative to the cynical American view toward politics and public service. The author’s alternative helps career public servants regain public trust by exercising constitutionally centered moral and political leadership that balances the regime values of liberty and equality in governing American society while contributing to the ethical progress of the nation. She identifies three distinct leadership styles of political ethics, enabling career public servants to reconcile their personal loyalties, morality, and consciences with the public and private morality of American society and their constitutional obligations to secure the democratic freedoms of Americans. Recognizing career public servants’ moral and institutional struggles, the book proposes a rigorous leadership development program to acclimate individuals to workplace psychological, moral, and political challenges. The view offered here is that career public servants must be a part of, rather than isolated from, American politics to be effective on the job.