Dynamic Failure Of Composite And Sandwich Structures

Author: Serge Abrate
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400753292
Size: 73.53 MB
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This book presents a broad view of the current state of the art regarding the dynamic response of composite and sandwich structures subjected to impacts and explosions. Each chapter combines a thorough assessment of the literature with original contributions made by the authors. The first section deals with fluid-structure interactions in marine structures. The first chapter focuses on hull slamming and particularly cases in which the deformation of the structure affects the motion of the fluid during the water entry of flexible hulls. Chapter 2 presents an extensive series of tests underwater and in the air to determine the effects of explosions on composite and sandwich structures. Full-scale structures were subjected to significant explosive charges, and such results are extremely rare in the open literature. Chapter 3 describes a simple geometrical theory of diffraction for describing the interaction of an underwater blast wave with submerged structures. The second section addresses the problem of impact on laminated composite structures with chapters devoted to ballistic impacts on pre-stressed composite structures, tests developed to simulate dynamic failure in marine structures, damage mechanisms and energy absorption in low velocity impacts, perforation, the numerical simulation of intra and inter-ply damage during impact, and hail impact on laminated composites. Sandwich structures with laminated facings are considered in Section 3 with chapters dealing with the discrete modeling of honeycomb core during the indentation of sandwich structures, the behavior of fold core sandwich structures during impact, and impact on helicopter blades. The fourth section consists of two chapters presenting experimental results and numerical simulation of composite structures subjected to crash. This volume is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and engineers interested and involved in analysis and design of composite structures.

Structures Under Shock And Impact Xiii

Author: G. Schleyer
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845647963
Size: 42.64 MB
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SUSI XIII contains the proceedings of the 13th International Conference in the successful series of Structures Under Shock and Impact. Since the first meeting in Cambridge, Massachusetts (1989) the conference has brought together the research works of scientists and engineers from a wide range of academic disciplines and industrial backgrounds that have an interest in the structural impact response of structures and materials. The shock and impact behaviour of structures is a challenging area, not only because of the obvious time-dependent aspects, but also due to the difficulties in specifying the external dynamic loadings, boundary conditions and connection characteristics for structural design and hazard assessment, and in obtaining the dynamic properties of materials. Thus, it is important to recognise and utilise fully the contributions and understand the emerging theoretical, numerical and experimental studies on structures, as well as investigations into the material properties under dynamic loading conditions. Any increased knowledge will enhance our understanding of these problems and thorough forensic studies on the structural damage after accidents will lead to improved design requirements. The range of topics in this very active field is ever expanding. The following list of topics gives an idea of the wide number of applications covered: Impact and blast loading; Energy absorbing issues; Interaction between computational; and experimental results; Aeronautical and aerospace applications; Response of reinforce concrete under impact; Response of building facades to blast; Seismic behaviour; Structural crashworthiness; Industrial accidents and explosions; Hazard mitigation and assessment; Active protection and security; Tunnel and underground; structures protection; Dynamic analysis of composite structures; Design against failure; Damage limitation.

Origami 6 Ii Technology Art Education

Author: Koryo Miura
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470418762
Size: 58.53 MB
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is a unique collection of papers illustrating the connections between origami and a wide range of fields. The papers compiled in this two-part set were presented at the 6th International Meeting on Origami Science, Mathematics and Education (10-13 August 2014, Tokyo, Japan). They display the creative melding of origami (or, more broadly, folding) with fields ranging from cell biology to space exploration, from education to kinematics, from abstract mathematical laws to the artistic and aesthetics of sculptural design. This two-part book contains papers accessible to a wide audience, including those interested in art, design, history, and education and researchers interested in the connections between origami and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Part 2 focuses on the connections of origami to education and more applied areas of science: engineering, physics, architecture, industrial design, and other artistic fields that go well beyond the usual folded paper.

Advances And Trends In Structures And Dynamics

Author: Ahmed K. Noor
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483150062
Size: 79.58 MB
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Advances and Trends in Structures and Dynamics contains papers presented at the symposium on Advances and Trends in Structures and Dynamics held in Washington, D.C., on October 22-25, 1984. Separating 67 papers of the symposium as chapters, this book documents some of the major advances in the structures and dynamics discipline. The chapters are further organized into 13 parts. The first three parts explore the trends and advances in engineering software and hardware; numerical analysis and parallel algorithms; and finite element technology. Subsequent parts show computational strategies for nonlinear and fracture mechanics problems; mechanics of materials and structural theories; structural and dynamic stability; multidisciplinary and interaction problems; composite materials and structures; and optimization. Other chapters focus on random motion and dynamic response; tire modeling and contact problems; damping and control of spacecraft structures; and advanced structural applications.

Durability Of Composites In A Marine Environment

Author: Peter Davies
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400774176
Size: 42.53 MB
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Composites are widely used in marine applications. There is considerable experience of glass reinforced resins in boats and ships but these are usually not highly loaded. However, for new areas such as offshore and ocean energy there is a need for highly loaded structures to survive harsh conditions for 20 years or more. High performance composites are therefore being proposed. This book provides an overview of the state of the art in predicting the long term durability of composite marine structures. The following points are covered: • Modelling water diffusion • Damage induced by water • Accelerated testing • Including durability in design • In-service experience. This is essential reading for all those involved with composites in the marine industry, from initial design and calculation through to manufacture and service exploitation. It also provides information unavailable elsewhere on the mechanisms involved in degradation and how to take account of them. Ensuring long term durability is not only necessary for safety reasons, but will also determine the economic viability of future marine structures.

Micromechanics Of Composite Materials

Author: George Dvorak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400741014
Size: 78.52 MB
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This book presents a broad exposition of analytical and numerical methods for modeling composite materials, laminates, polycrystals and other heterogeneous solids, with emphasis on connections between material properties and responses on several length scales, ranging from the nano and microscales to the macroscale. Many new results and methods developed by the author are incorporated into the rich fabric of the subject, which has developed from the work of many researchers over the last 50 years. Among the new results, the book offers an extensive analysis of internal and interface stresses caused by eigenstrains, such as thermal, transformation and inelastic strains in the constituents, which often exceed those caused by mechanical loads, and of inelastic behavior of metal matrix composites. Fiber prestress in laminates, and modeling of functionally graded materials are also analyzed. Furthermore, this book outlines several key subjects on modeling the properties of composites reinforced by particles of various shapes, aligned fibers, symmetric laminated plates and metal matrix composites. This volume is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and engineers interested and involved in analysis and design of composite structures.

Handbook Of Structural Life Assessment

Author: Raouf A. Ibrahim
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111913546X
Size: 43.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This important, self-contained reference deals with structural life assessment (SLA) and structural health monitoring (SHM) in a combined form. SLA periodically evaluates the state and condition of a structural system and provides recommendations for possible maintenance actions or the end of structural service life. It is a diversified field and relies on the theories of fracture mechanics, fatigue damage process, and reliability theory. For common structures, their life assessment is not only governed by the theory of fracture mechanics and fatigue damage process, but by other factors such as corrosion, grounding, and sudden collision. On the other hand, SHM deals with the detection, prediction, and location of crack development online. Both SLA and SHM are combined in a unified and coherent treatment, bringing together the major mechanical processes at work that determine the lifetime of a structure, including normal loading, extreme loading, and the effects of corrosion with relevant analysis techniques covering joints and weldments, which are features where structural failure is likely to originate reviewing diversified problems including probabilistic description of structural failure, extreme loading, environmental effects such as corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement, joints and weldments, and control of crack propagation (crack arresters) and corrosion providing a unified approach to SLA and SHM. Handbook of Structural Life Assessment will be an essential guide for aerospace structures designers and maintenance engineers, pipeline engineers, ship designers and builders, researchers in civil, mechanical, naval, and aerospace engineering, and graduate students in civil, mechanical, naval, and aerospace engineering.

Applied High Speed Plate Penetration Dynamics

Author: Gabi Ben-Dor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402042396
Size: 69.83 MB
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High-speed impact dynamics is of interest in the fundamental sciences, e.g., astrophysics and space sciences, and has a number of important applications in military technologies, homeland security and engineering. When compared with experiments or numerical simulations, analytical approaches in impact mechanics only seldom yield useful results. However, when successful, analytical approaches allow us to determine general laws that are not only important in themselves but also serve as benchmarks for subsequent numerical simulations and experiments. The main goal of this monograph is to demonstrate the potential and effectiveness of analytical methods in applied high-speed penetration mechanics for two classes of problem. The first class of problem is shape optimization of impactors penetrating into ductile, concrete and some composite media. The second class of problem comprises investigation of ballistic properties and optimization of multi-layered shields, including spaced and two-component ceramic shields. Despite the massive use of mathematical techniques, the obtained results have a clear engineering meaning and are presented in an easy-to-use form. One of the chapters is devoted solely to some common approximate models, and this is the first time that a comprehensive description of the localized impactor/medium interaction approach is given. In the monograph the authors present systematically their theoretical results in the field of high-speed impact dynamics obtained during the last decade which only partially appeared in scientific journals and conferences proceedings.

Fracture Mechanics

Author: George A. Papadopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447119924
Size: 41.71 MB
Format: PDF
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Fracture and Mechanics is concerned with the experimental method of static and dynamic caustics and the Distribution of Determinant (Det.)-criterion of fracture. The Det.-criterion determines the conditions causing a crack and gives information on the expected angle of crack propagation. The object of this publication is to present the latest results to the re.earch and development community and to assist the teaching of experimental fracture mechanics and stress analysis in undergraduate and postgraduate courses. After discussing the basic theoretical considerations on the subject, experimental techniques and applications are introduced. Most of the results presented are based on the author's own investigations in the field of experimental mechanics since 1973 at the National Technical University of Athens.

Iccs20 20th International Conference On Composite Structures

Author: Nicholas Fantuzzi
Publisher: Società Editrice Esculapio
ISBN: 8893850419
Size: 58.34 MB
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Composite materials have aroused a great interest over the last few decades, as proven by the huge number of scientific papers and industrial progress. The increase in the use of composite structures in different engineering practices justify the present international meeting where researches from every part of the globe can share and discuss the recent advancements regarding the use of structural components within advanced applications such as buckling, vibrations, repair, reinforcements, concrete, composite laminated materials and more recent metamaterials. Studies about composite structures are truly multidisciplinary and the given contributions can help other researches and professional engineers in their own field. This Conference is suitable as a reference for engineers and scientists working in the professional field, in the industry and the academia and it gives the possibility to share recent advancements in different engineering practices to the outside world. This book aims to collect selected plenary and key-note lectures of this International Conference. For this reason, the establishment of this 20th edition of International Conference on Composite Structures has appeared appropriate to continue what has been begun during the previous editions. ICCS wants to be an occasion for many researchers from each part of the globe to meet and discuss about the recent advancements regarding the use of composite structures, sandwich panels, nanotechnology, bio-composites, delamination and fracture, experimental methods, manufacturing and other countless topics that have filled many sessions during this conference. As a proof of this event, which has taken place in Paris (France), selected plenary and key-note lectures have been collected in the present book.