Epidemiologic Methods

Author: Noel S. Weiss
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199387788
Size: 29.74 MB
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This second edition of Epidemiologic Methods offers a rigorous introduction to the concepts and tools of epidemiologic research. Aimed chiefly at future epidemiologists, the book offers clear descriptions, practical examples, and question/answer sections for each of the science's key concepts. Authored by two award-winning epidemiology instructors, this book is ideally suited for use as a text in a graduate-level course sequence in epidemiologic methods. The book's chapters are organized around three main themes: general concepts and tools of epidemiology; major study designs; and special topics, including screening, outbreak investigations, and use of epidemiology to evaluate policies and programs. With additional exercises at the end of each chapter and expanded attention to topics such as confounding, this new edition of Epidemiologic Methods is an indispensable resource for the next generation of epidemiologic study.

Clinical Epidemiology

Author: Noel S. Weiss
Publisher: Monographs in Epidemiology and
ISBN: 9780195305234
Size: 60.97 MB
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Examining the principles and methods of research on the evaluation of factors affecting the outcome of illness, this volume emphasizes diagnostic and therapeutic interventions - the factors most readily modified by health care providers. The author discusses various ways of structuring observations on patient groups and appraises the nature and strength of inferences drawn from those observations. Weiss also demonstrates how the results of this type of research - clinical epidemiologic research - can be incorporated into the decision-making process utilized in clinical medicine." Among other changes, this new edition of Clinical Epidemiology greatly expands the chapter on randomized controlled trials and includes a whole new chapter on meta-analysis, authored by Peter Cummings with Noel S. Weiss. Meta-analysis, the statistical synthesis of data from comparable studies, was unheard of thirty years ago, but with the advent of increased computer technology, the method has been steadily growing in importance in the interpretation of the results of patient-oriented medical research. Clinical Epidemiology is an essential reference guide to the quantitative assessment of the consequences of illness for clinicians in training or in practice.

Exercises In Epidemiology

Author: Noel S. Weiss
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190651539
Size: 48.46 MB
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Traditional epidemiology coursework is centered on the design and analysis of disease control. This important knowledge forms the backbone of what epidemiology is, but it can sometimes become a rote exercise in calculations rather than what it can and should be--training in thinking like an epidemiologist. EXERCISES IN EPIDEMIOLOGY enriches the core epidemiology coursework with a set of living, breathing problems from the real-world epidemiology literature. Comprising nearly 200 questions and answers drawn from published studies, this one-of-a-kind text allows students in epidemiology and public health to cultivate their skills in a real-world context while familiarizing themselves with core epidemiologic principles: rates and proportions, causal inference, and confounding. Answers to every question, along with each step in the reasoning that supports them, are included so that students can compare notes with a senior epidemiologist. With its practical, analytically sophisticated approach to this vital subject matter, EXERCISES IN EPIDEMIOLOGY prepares readers to make the transition from student to professional like no other text.

Epidemiologic Methods For Health Policy

Author: Robert A. Spasoff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199771288
Size: 52.43 MB
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This book is dedicated to the proposition that health policy should be evidence-based, and that epidemiology can provide much of the evidence. Unlike most textbooks of epidemiology, which focus on etiologic research, it emphasizes the descriptive methods that are more relevant to policy. Part I introduces the subject of policy and its formulation, reviews selected methods that are generally relevant to health policy, and provides an overview of health data and their manipulation. Part II proceeds through the policy cycle: assessing population health status, assessing potential interventions, making policy choices; implementing and finally evaluating policy. At each step it identifies the potential contributions of epidemiology and describes and demonstrates relevant methods. Many practical examples are provided, drawn from several developed countries, but mathematics is kept to an elementary level. A recurring theme is the interaction between health phenomena and the underlying population dynamics, and thus the close relationship of this type of epidemiology to demography.

The Developing Human Brain

Author: F. H. Gilles
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483281043
Size: 72.40 MB
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The Developing Human Brain: Growth and Epidemiologic Neuropathology presents the analyses that study the conditions and events of pregnancy, labor, and delivery as they relate to neuropathological outcomes. This book reviews the weaknesses and strengths of epidemiologic methods applied to autopsy populations and provide the details of the neuropathologic sample. Organized into three sections encompassing 27 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the hypotheses about the relationships between potential antecedents and morphologic events that can subsequently be tested in the living child using specific measure of cerebral or neurologic function. This text then examines the general principles of epidemiology. Other chapters consider the advantages and disadvantages of using autopsy data for epidemiologic studies. This book discusses as well the statistical and descriptive methods used to provide a panoramic view of the developing human brain based on infants aborted at different stages of development. The final chapter deals with anatomical changes at the final months of the second trimester. This book is a valuable resource for neuropathologists, neurologists, and pathologists.

Methods In Observational Epidemiology

Author: Chief of the Division of Epidemiology at the School of Medicine Stanford University Jennifer L Kelsey
Publisher: Monographs in Epidemiology and
ISBN: 9780195083774
Size: 79.41 MB
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This is the second edition of the first book to provide a complete picture of the design, conduct and analysis of observational studies, the most common type of epidemiologic study. Stressing sample size estimation, sampling, and measurement error, the authors cover the full scope of observational studies, describing cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, and epidemic investigation. The use of statistical procedures is described in easy-to-understand terms.

Epidemiology

Author: Graham Moon
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335232361
Size: 18.87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This accessible and clearly-structured book offers a comprehensive insight into the methods and principles of epidemiological study alongside an analysis of the broad context in which epidemiological work is undertaken. Chapters on sources of epidemiological data, on epidemiological study designs and on basic statistical measures for epidemiological studies are used to introduce the reader to the traditional underpinnings of epidemiological work.

Cancer Epidemiology

Author: Isabel dos Santos Silva
Publisher: IARC
ISBN: 9789283204053
Size: 59.85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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A basic textbook addressed to medical and public health students, clinicians, health professionals, and all others seeking to understand the principles and methods used in cancer epidemiology. Written by a prominent epidemiologist and experienced teacher at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the text aims to help readers become competent in the use of basic epidemiological tools and capable of exercising critical judgment when assessing results reported by others. Throughout the text, a lively writing style and numerous illustrative examples, often using real research data, facilitate an easy understanding of basic concepts and methods. Information ranges from an entertaining account of the origins of epidemiology, through advice on how to overcome some of the limitations of survival analysis, to a checklist of questions to ask when considering sources of bias. Although statistical concepts and formulae are presented, the emphasis is consistently on the interpretation of the data rather than on the actual calculations. The text has 18 chapters. The first six introduce the basic principles of epidemiology and statistics. Chapters 7-13 deal in more depth with each of the study designs and interpretation of their findings. Two chapters, concerned with the problems of confounding and study size, cover more complex statistical concepts and are included for advanced study. A chapter on methodological issues in cancer prevention gives examples of epidemiology's contribution to primary prevention, screening and other activities for early detection, and tertiary prevention. The concluding chapters review the role of cancer registries and discuss practical considerations that should be taken into account in the design, planning, and conduct of any type of epidemiological research.

Epidemiology And The Delivery Of Health Care Services

Author: Denise M. Oleske
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461518393
Size: 20.28 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In this introductory textbook to epidemiology, students will discover the knowledge and skills required for managing population-based health care under health reform. Fundamental epidemiological techniques are presented teaching students to assess the health status of populations served; determine appropriate interventions based upon knowledge of factors which affect health status; and evaluate the impact of health care systems, programs, technologies, and policies on the health status of populations. Each chapter includes case studies and discussion questions.