Fads And Fallacies In The Social Sciences

Author: Steven Goldberg
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN:
Size: 18.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4605
Download Read Online
Steven Goldberg has devoted his career to exposing fallacious reasoning, misrepresented fact, and ideological agendas in the social sciences. His scholarly critiques offer alternative, and sometimes controversial, explanations that are notable for their logical integrity and loyalty to empirical reality. Best known for his work in the physiological roots of sex differences, he has also written on a myriad of other subjects, which, as he bluntly states, "are as fallaciously reasoned in professional journals as in the cocktail party conversations that naively repeat the errors first propounded in those journals." In this new collection of essays he is as lively, interesting, and provocative as ever. In addition to lambasting the fallacies infusing the received wisdom on many issues, he also directly addresses the factors and motivations that underlie the contemporary surrender of the social sciences to the forces of antiscientific ideologies, which subordinate logic and evidence to wish-fulfillment and political goals. Among the subjects addressed are the validity of intelligence tests, group differences, the death penalty, sex differences in aggression and cognition, the family, abortion, and the nature of modern society. Also included are a couple of polemics, observations on the O. J. Simpson trial, and a moving encomium to his hero, Jackie Robinson. Goldberg's work has been praised by reviewers as "persuasive and accurate"(Margaret Mead); "coolly, tightly, even brilliantly reasoned" (Morton Kaplan); and "the most significant . . . on the subject in decades" (Murray Rothbard). Readers who appreciate razor-sharp rigor and logical elegance will be richly rewarded by these essays on many of the most hotly contested issues of the social sciences.

Fads And Fallacies In The Name Of Science

Author: Martin Gardner
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486131629
Size: 32.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 6746
Download Read Online
Fair, witty appraisal of cranks, quacks, and quackeries of science and pseudoscience: hollow earth, Velikovsky, orgone energy, Dianetics, flying saucers, Bridey Murphy, food and medical fads, and much more.

Fads And Fallacies In The Name Of Science

Author: Martin Gardner
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486131629
Size: 24.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 488
Download Read Online
Fair, witty appraisal of cranks, quacks, and quackeries of science and pseudoscience: hollow earth, Velikovsky, orgone energy, Dianetics, flying saucers, Bridey Murphy, food and medical fads, and much more.

Fads And Fallacies In Psychiatry

Author: Joel Paris
Publisher: RCPsych Publications
ISBN: 1909726060
Size: 26.14 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 3187
Download Read Online
Relative to some other medical specialties, psychiatry is a new and still scientifically underdeveloped field - as a result practitioners can be influenced by attractive but unproven ideas. Since mental illness is still a mystery and answers to the most important questions about mental illness will require another century of research, it is important to criticise contemporary practice - especially as fads in psychiatry have occurred not only on the fringe, but in the very mainstream of theory and practice. Some of the trendiest theoretical paradigms may turn out to be unsupported by data. In diagnosis, the many faddish approaches to classification are unlikely to last. In treatment, both psychopharmacology and psychotherapy sometimes embrace interventions with a weak base in evidence that run the risk of doing harm to patients. This book examines the fads and fallacies that have and continue to plague psychiatry, in both diagnosis and in treatment. These include over-diagnosis (especially of depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, PTSD and autism), over- treatment with pharmaceuticals and the assumption that neuroscience has all the answers for psychiatry. The reasons why psychotherapy has long been prone to faddishness are explored; as are the reasons for more recent faddishness in psychopharmacology, which can lead to irrational methods of over-treatment, and a failure to consider alternatives. There is discussion of the problematic areas of diagnostic systems (ICD and DSM) and an over-reliance on drugs. Many examples from the author's own personal clinical experience are included. The author's strong opinions and critical tone may seem to conflict with the dispassionate approach of evidence-based medicine, however, the book presents balanced arguments and includes positive suggestions and recommendations for change. Until we really understand the nature of serious mental illness, psychiatrists need to resist fads in diagnosis and treat

Spiritual Snake Oil

Author: S.C. Hitchcock
Publisher: See Sharp Press
ISBN: 1937276147
Size: 50.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5181
Download Read Online
"Spiritual Snake Oil" shows that the same fallacies that plague religious apologetics also infect virtually all "new age" and "spiritual" writing. Author Chris Edwards does this by dissecting the arguments and assertions of the most prominent "new age" icons and "spiritual" writers. They include Robert Pirsig ("Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance"), James Redfield ("The Celestine Prophecy"), Deepak Chopra ("Life After Death"), Dinesh D'Souza ("Life After Death"), Francis Collins's ("The Language of God"), Rhonda Byrne ("The Secret"), and even Michael Crichton (a surprising defender of New Age thinking). As Edwards shows, the same fallacies, the same errors in argument, show up time after time in the writings of these--and virtually all other--"new age" and "spiritual" writers. In addition to explaining these fallacies in the chapters devoted to the individual authors, Edwards devotes a final chapter, "A Compendium of Fallacies," to outlining the tricks and deceptive practices common to illogical arguments.

Fads Fallacies And Foolishness In Medical Care Management And Policy

Author: Theodore R Marmor
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814472980
Size: 41.25 MB
Format: PDF
View: 6143
Download Read Online
No one misses the onslaught of claims about reforming modern medical care. How doctors should be paid, how hospitals should be paid or governed, how much patients should pay when sick in co-payments, how the quality of care could be improved, and how governments and other buyers could better control the costs of care ? all find expression in the explosion of medical care conference proceedings, op-eds, news bulletins, journal articles, and books. This collection of articles takes up a key set of what the author regards as particularly misleading fads and fashions ? developments that produce a startling degree of foolishness in contemporary discussions of how to organize, deliver, finance, pay for and regulate medical care services in modern industrial democracies. The policy fads addressed include the celebration of explicit rationing as a major cost control instrument, the belief in a ?basic package? of health insurance benefits to constrain costs, the faith that contemporary cross-national research can deliver a large number of transferable models, and the notion that broadening the definition of what is meant by health will constitute some sort of useful advance in practice.Contents: Fads in Medical Care Policy and Politics: The Rhetoric and Reality of ManagerialismHow Not to Think About ?Managed Care?Medical Care and Public Policy: The Benefits and Burdens of Asking Fundamental QuestionsMedicare and Political Analysis: Omissions, Understandings, and MisunderstandingsComparative Perspectives and Policy Learning in the World of Health CareHow Not to Think About Medicare Reform Readership: Graduate students in public policy, comparative politics, management, nursing, medicine, and social sciences; medical writers; medical professionals.

The Science Of Management

Author: Simon Moss
Publisher: Australian Academic Press
ISBN: 1875378782
Size: 46.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5302
Download Read Online
The authors have collated and analyzed almost 16,000 scientific research articles in the fields of psychology and management to uncover more than 800 surprising findings that contradict many common management practices.

Fads Fallacies And Foolishness In Medical Care Management And Policy

Author: Theodore R Marmor
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814472980
Size: 61.45 MB
Format: PDF
View: 3614
Download Read Online
No one misses the onslaught of claims about reforming modern medical care. How doctors should be paid, how hospitals should be paid or governed, how much patients should pay when sick in co-payments, how the quality of care could be improved, and how governments and other buyers could better control the costs of care ? all find expression in the explosion of medical care conference proceedings, op-eds, news bulletins, journal articles, and books. This collection of articles takes up a key set of what the author regards as particularly misleading fads and fashions ? developments that produce a startling degree of foolishness in contemporary discussions of how to organize, deliver, finance, pay for and regulate medical care services in modern industrial democracies. The policy fads addressed include the celebration of explicit rationing as a major cost control instrument, the belief in a ?basic package? of health insurance benefits to constrain costs, the faith that contemporary cross-national research can deliver a large number of transferable models, and the notion that broadening the definition of what is meant by health will constitute some sort of useful advance in practice.Contents: Fads in Medical Care Policy and Politics: The Rhetoric and Reality of ManagerialismHow Not to Think About ?Managed Care?Medical Care and Public Policy: The Benefits and Burdens of Asking Fundamental QuestionsMedicare and Political Analysis: Omissions, Understandings, and MisunderstandingsComparative Perspectives and Policy Learning in the World of Health CareHow Not to Think About Medicare Reform Readership: Graduate students in public policy, comparative politics, management, nursing, medicine, and social sciences; medical writers; medical professionals.

French Letters And English Overcoats

Author: Richard De'ath
Publisher: Robson Books Limited
ISBN: 9781861053237
Size: 30.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 4035
Download Read Online
French Letters & English Overcoats is a painstakingly researched and thoroughly entertaining account of sexual fads and fallacies through the ages. Focussing on topics such as the famous sex books and their pearls of wisdom, ingenious and varied methods of avoiding conception, or the art of lovemaking (in and out of bed), Richard De'ath has trawled thru the centuries to find stories of the absurd and the ridiculous. Illustrated throughout with amusing cartoons and line drawings, French Letters & English Overcoats is an informative and often hilarious book which bears witness to centuries of attempts to understand and perfect the act of sex.

Propaganda In The Helping Professions

Author: Eileen Gambrill
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195325001
Size: 55.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 4426
Download Read Online
This incisive look at how propaganda has infiltrated the helping professions is essential reading for social workers, psychologists, and other helping professionals, and is an excellent supplement to courses on critical thinking and introduction to practice.