Habituation

Author: Thomas J. Tighe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317265890
Size: 51.20 MB
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Originally published in 1976, this volume is based on a conference held in 1974. The purpose of the conference was to foster communication between those researchers studying habituation or closely related processes in children and those studying habituation at the level of neurophysiology and animal behaviour. Within each of these groups there was burgeoning interest in habituation, yet there had been little, if any, interaction between them. Overall, this volume provides a medium for cross-fertilization between animal-neurophysiological and developmental research on habituation, highlighting some of the current empirical and theoretical concerns within each area at the time. While other volumes may have provided more comprehensive and detailed reviews of aspects of habituation, the juxtaposition of developmental and animal neuro-physiological research provided in this text was unique in the literature at the time.

Forty Studies That Changed Psychology Global Edition

Author: Roger R. Hock
Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed
ISBN: 1292070978
Size: 41.97 MB
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Forty studies that helped shape the field of Psychology Roger Hock’s Forty Studies provides a glimpse of the science of psychology, unraveling the complexities of human nature. Hock summarizes some of the most influential studies in psychological history studies, and guides the reader through a thoughtful interpretation of the results and why the study is considered so important. This book provides a more in-depth look and analyses that cannot be found by reading a textbook or research alone. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will: Gain background knowledge of the complexities in the psychology field. Learn about detailed studies in an easy, understandable manner. Understand scientific research, through closer examination of major topics.

Neuroconstructivism How The Brain Constructs Cognition

Author: Denis Mareschal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198529902
Size: 68.21 MB
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What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand development necessitates a multi-disciplinary approach, integrating data from cognitive studies, computational work, and neuroimaging - an approach till now seldom taken in the study of child development. Neuroconstructivism is a major new 2 volume publication that seeks to redress this balance, presenting an integrative new framework for considering development. In the first volume, the authors review up-to-to date findings from neurobiology, brain imaging, child development, computer and robotic modelling to consider why children's thinking develops the way it does. They propose a new synthesis of development that is based on 5 key principles found to operate at many levels of descriptions. They use these principles to explain what causes a number of key developmental phenomena,including infants' interacting with objects, early social cognitive interactions, and the causes of dyslexia. The "neuroconstructivist" framework also shows how developmental disorders do not arise from selective damage to the normal cognitive system, but instead arise from atypical constraints. How these principles work is illustrated in several case studies ranging from perceptual to social and reading development. Finally, the authors use neuroimaging, behavioural analyses, computational simulations and robotic models to provide a way of understanding the mechanisms and processes that cause development to occur.

Language In Mind

Author: Dedre Gentner
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262571630
Size: 26.92 MB
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Contemporary investigations of the Whorfian idea that language influences how we perceive and understand the world.

Lifespan Development And The Brain

Author: Paul B. Baltes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113945675X
Size: 33.23 MB
Format: PDF
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The book focuses on the developmental analysis of the brain-culture-environment dynamic and argues that this dynamic is interactive and reciprocal. Brain and culture co-determine each other. As a whole, this book refutes any unidirectional conception of the brain-culture dynamic. Each is influenced by and modifies the other. To capture the ubiquitous reach and significance of the mutually dependent brain-culture system, the metaphor of biocultural co-constructivism is invoked. Distinguished researchers from cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology and developmental psychology review the evidence in their respective fields. A special focus of the book is its coverage of the entire human lifespan from infancy to old age.

Metarepresentations

Author: Dan Sperber
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195349689
Size: 54.79 MB
Format: PDF
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This volume in the Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science series concerns metarepresentation: the construction and use of representations that represent other representations. Metarepresentations are ubiquitous among human beings, whenever we think or talk about mental states or linguistic acts, or theorize about the mind or language. This volume collects previously unpublished studies on the subject by an interdisciplinary group of contributors, including Daniel Dennett, Alvin Goldman, Keith Lehrer, Leda Cosmides and John Tooby.

Applied Ethics In Animal Research

Author: John P. Gluck
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 9781557531377
Size: 41.23 MB
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This volume is a collection of chapters all contributed by individuals who have presented their ideas at conferences and who take moderate stands with the use of animals in research. Specifically the chapters bear of the issues of: notions of the moral standings of animals, history of the methods of argumentation, knowledge of the animal mind, nature and value of regulatory structures, how respect for animals can be converted from theory to action in the laboratory. The chapters have been tempered by open discussion with individuals with different opinions and not audiences of true believers. It is the hope of all, that careful consideration of the positions in these chapters will leave reader with a deepened understanding--not necessarily a hardened position.

Cross Cultural Psychology

Author: John W. Berry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521745209
Size: 21.60 MB
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Third edition of leading textbook offering an advanced overview of all major perspectives of research in cross-cultural psychology.

Pain

Author: Thomas Hadjistavropoulos
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135631980
Size: 75.54 MB
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This invaluable resource presents a state-of-the-art account of the psychology of pain from leading researchers. It features contributions from clinical, social, and biopsychological perspectives, the latest theories of pain, as well as basic processes and applied issues. The book opens with an introduction to the history of pain theory and the epidemiology of pain. It then explores theoretical work, including the gate control theory/neuromatrix model, as well as biopsychosocial, cognitive/behavioral, and psychodynamic perspectives. Issues, such as the link between psychophysiological processes and consciousness and the communication of pain are examined. Pain over the life span, ethno-cultural, and individual differences are the focus of the next three chapters. Pain: Psychological Perspectives addresses current clinical issues: * pain assessment and acute and chronic pain interventions; * the unavailability of psychological interventions for chronic pain in a number of settings, the use of self-report, and issues related to the implementation of certain biomedical interventions; and * the latest ethical standards and the theories. Intended for practitioners, researchers, and students involved with the study of pain in fields such as clinical and health psychology, this book will also appeal to physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists. Pain is ideal for advanced courses on the psychology of pain, pain management, and related courses that address this topic.

Advances In Psychology Research

Author: Alexandra M. Columbus
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600215308
Size: 71.73 MB
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Presents original research results on the leading edge of psychology research. This work features articles that has been selected in an attempt to present substantial research results across a broad spectrum.