Hyperbolic Structures

Author: Matthias Beckh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118932684
Size: 43.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Working at the threshold of the Modern Age, Vladimir G. Šuchov (Shukhov) is regarded as one of the world's most outstanding and versatile engineers. Some of his fascinating and technically sophisticated structures, always so delicately proportioned they cannot fail to catch the eye, have no equivalent among the structures of today. From the time Shukhov built the first hyperbolic lattice tower at the end of the 19th century, he has been seen as the founder and developer of this then new form of construction. This structure, with a seemingly complex geometry definable with only a few basic parameters, has no predecessors in the history of construction. It excels through its high stability and economy of material – but above all through the visual impact of its web-like arrangement of members. Setting Shukhov’s work in the context of the history of construction shows that he and his new structural forms anticipated many of today's engineering and lightweight structures. The principles of Shukhov’s load-bearing systems are used in architecture today, for example in the structural engineering of high-rise buildings. Hyperbolic structures analyses the interactions of form with the structural behaviour of hyperbolic lattice towers, and the effects of the various influencing factors were determined with the help of parametric studies and load capacity analyses. This evaluation of Shukhov’s historical calculations and the reconstruction of the design and development process of his water towers shows why the Russian engineer is considered not only a pathfinder for lightweight structures but also a pioneer of parametrised design processes.

Analogous And Digital

Author: Otl Aicher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3433031193
Size: 32.50 MB
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Otl Aicher (1922–1991) was an outstanding personality in modern design, he was a co-founder of the legendary Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG), the Ulm School of Design, Germany. His works since the fifties of the last century in the field of corporate design and his pictograms for the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are major achievements in the visual communication of our times. An integral component of Aicher's work is that it is anchored in a „philosophy of making“ inspired by such thinkers as Ockham, Kant or Wittgenstein, a philosophy concerned with the prerequisites and aims, the objects and claims, of design. Aicher's complete theoretical and practical writings on design (which include all other aspects of visual creativity, such as architecture) are available with this new edition of the classic work. If Aicher prefers the analogous and concrete to the digital and abstract he does it with a philosophical intention. He relativizes the role of pure reason. He criticizes the rationality of Modernism as a result of the dominance of purely abstract thinking. Anyone who prefers the abstract to the concrete does not only misunderstand the mutual dependence of concept and view. In Aicher's judgement he is also creating a false hierarchy, a rank order that is culturally fatal. Things that are digital and abstract are not greater, higher and more important than things that are analogous and concrete. Wilhelm Vossenkuhl

The World As Design

Author: Otl Aicher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3433031177
Size: 23.41 MB
Format: PDF
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Otl Aicher (1922–1991) was an outstanding personality in modern design, he was a co-founder of the legendary Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG), the Ulm School of Design, Germany. His works since the fifties of the last century in the field of corporate design and his pictograms for the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are major achievements in the visual communication of our times. Otl Aicher's writings are explorations of the world, a substantive part of his work. In moving through the history of thought and design, building and construction, he assures us of the possibilities of arranging existence in a humane fashion. As ever he is concerned with the question of the conditions needed to produce a civilized culture. These conditions have to be fought for against apparent factual or material constraints and spiritual and intellectual substitutes on offer. Otl Aicher likes a dispute. For this reason, the volume contains polemical statements on cultural and political subjects as well as practical reports and historical exposition. He fights with productive obstinacy, above all for the renewal of Modernism, which he claims has largely exhausted itself in aesthetic visions; he insists the ordinary working day is still more important than the “cultural Sunday“. Wolfgang Jean Stock

World Wrestling Insanity

Author: James Guttman
Publisher: ECW Press
ISBN: 155490269X
Size: 29.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In an industry where nothing is real and no one actually wins or loses, the possibilities for manipulation are endless. The nepotism, backward logic, and power plays behind the World Wrestling Entertainment's (WWE) downfall are exposed in this indictment of wrestling's first family. An analysis of the McMahons' poorly written scripts discloses how nepotism and vanity have taken over their creativity, while input from many well-known figures provides details on the complicated and seemingly endless web of manipulation that has led to such questionable behaviors as locker-room hazing and sexual indiscretions. WWE's racist undertones are also discussed, with a firsthand account on how being black affected one wrestler's match with a world champion.

Towers Turbines And Transmission Lines

Author: Sandy Bond
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118533232
Size: 62.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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From the Foreword by Dr Valmond Ghyoot, Emeritus Professor of Real Estate, University of South Africa: ‘The valuation profession, the legal profession, property industry participants in general and students will welcome publication of this book. Investors, environmental groups and affected property owners will find essential information for use in their decision-making, development objections and claims. My hope is that [it] will provide answers where required and that it will help to improve the professional standard of valuations and appraisals internationally. I trust that it will also raise the standard of testimony in damages cases. If so, the editors and contributors will have succeeded in documenting the state of the art in this relatively unexplored terrain.’ As a reference source, this book will help quantify the negative impacts on property values of high voltage overhead transmission lines, cell phone towers, and wind turbines. It gives a modern perspective of the concerns property owners have about the siting of industrial structures used to transmit or generate various forms of energy and how these concerns impact on property values. Studies reveal concerns the public have about devices and structures that emit electromagnetic fields (EMFs) due to their potential health hazards. . Despite some research reports suggesting there are no potential adverse health hazards from high voltage overhead transmission lines (HVOTLs) and towers, there is still on-going concern about the siting of these structures due to fears of health risks from exposure to EMFs, changes in neighbourhood aesthetics and loss in property values. The siting of wind turbines is also receiving community opposition due to noise, light flicker, aesthetic concerns, and loss in property values. The extent to which such attitudes are reflected in lower property values is not well understood. Towers, Turbines and Transmission Lines: Impacts on Property Value outlines results of studies conducted in the US, the UK, Australia and New Zealand and offers guidance to valuers as well as to property/real estate appraisal students and property owners around the world. The book provides defensible tools that are becoming widely accepted to assess the effect that these environmental detriments have on property prices.

Building The Nineteenth Century

Author: Tom Frank Peters
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN:
Size: 49.52 MB
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The Sayn Foundry in Bendorf, a German town on the Rhine near the Dutch border, is a fascinating example of complex technological thinking. Although the structural detailing is typical of its period (1830), Prussian engineer and iron founder Karl Ludwig Althans used and varied the many architectural and engineering models at hand in a sophisticated and complex building with structural elements that can be read as advertisements, machine parts, religious forms, or simply as building elements. The foundry, which is still standing, is just one of the many projects Peters examines in this broad synthesis of nineteenth-century technological thought and methods of design that form the basis of the modern built world. Through such examples, he traces the growth of technological thinking as one of our culture's chief modes of thought and establishes its primacy over other forms such as scientific or humanistic thinking as the major component of building design.

Concrete Structures For Wind Turbines

Author: Jürgen Grünberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3433603308
Size: 32.85 MB
Format: PDF
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The wind energy industry in Germany has an excellent global standing when it comes to the development and construction of wind turbines. Germany currently represents the world's largest market for wind energy. The ongoing development of ever more powerful wind turbines plus additional requirements for the design and construction of their offshore foundation structures exceeds the actual experiences gained so far in the various disciplines concerned. This book gives a comprehensive overview for planning and structural design analysis of reinforced concrete and pre-stressed concrete wind turbine towers for both, onshore and offshore wind turbines. Wind turbines represent structures subjected to highly dynamic loading patterns. Therefore, for the design of loadbearing structures, fatigue effects - and not just maximum loads - are extremely important, in particular in the connections and joints of concrete and hybrid structures. There multi-axial stress conditions occure which so far are not covered by the design codes. The specific actions, the nonlinear behaviour and modeling for the structural analysis are explained. Design and verification with a focus on fatigue are adressed. The chapter Manufacturing includes hybrid structures, segmental construction of pre-stressed concrete towers and offshore wind turbine foundations. Selected chapters from the German concrete yearbook are now being published in the new English "Beton-Kalender Series" for the benefit of an international audience. Since it was founded in 1906, the Ernst & Sohn "Beton-Kalender" has been supporting developments in reinforced and prestressed concrete. The aim was to publish a yearbook to reflect progress in "ferro-concrete" structures until - as the book's first editor, Fritz von Emperger (1862-1942), expressed it - the "tempestuous development" in this form of construction came to an end. However, the "Beton-Kalender" quickly became the chosen work of reference for civil and structural engineers, and apart from the years 1945-1950 has been published annually ever since.

The Struggle For Utopia

Author: Victor Margolin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226505169
Size: 64.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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"Focusing on the difficult relationship between art and social change, Margolin brings important new insights to our understanding of the avant-garde's role in a period of great political complexity."--BOOK JACKET.

Architectural Supermodels

Author: Tom Porter
Publisher: Architectual Press
ISBN:
Size: 50.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Architectural Supermodels is a highly illustrated guide exploring new ways of expressing design concepts. A short history of the use of models is followed by discussions on photographic techniques, model making philosophies and the use of computer-aided modeling. Case studies include Will Alsop's award winning c/PLEX project, taking the reader from conceptual models to the complete design. A fascinating read for all architects and designers. In the face of the digital revolution in architectural design, modelmaking can be seen as a labourious and time-consuming preoccupation. Indeed, many architectural students in the United States avoid representing their ideas in three dimensions by describing the activity as 'busy work'. However, despite its hitherto rather humdrum image, modelmaking has made a recent and massive comeback in the world of environmental design. The ability to visualise directly in three dimensions is essential for interior design employers, as are the abilities to draw freehand and technical drawing, although literacy in computer graphics, remains one of the top five skills required by the modern architectural practice. The fact that a three dimensional model can now be electronically modified, refined, and digitally transformed or even be computer-programmed in to its physical existence brings a new and exciting dimension to the skills of the architect. 'Architectural Supermodels' is written in the spirit of this mood of change and in the notion of exploring new ways of expressing design concepts. Case studies covered include Zaha Hadid's modelmaker; Future Systems' modelmaker, Terry Farrell and Partner's modelmaker and Armiger who works for Will Alsop, Rick Mather and David Chipperfield. This innovative book will cover computer-generated modelmaking as well as the more traditional modelmaking involved in Architecture/Building Design. It is a technical manual focusing on three-dimensional models and electronic models. This is a vital book for degree and graduate architectural students as well as practising architects/designers. *Explore new ways of expressing design concepts *Discusses photographic techniques, model making philosophies and the use of computer aided modeling *Case studies take the reader from conceptual models through to the complete design