Legal Basis Of Global Tissue Banking

Author: Glyn O Phillips
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981466345X
Size: 80.14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1138
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The banking of human tissues for clinical transplantation has grown exponentially in the past 10-15 years. Tissue banks have been set up throughout the world, initially on an ad hoc basis. More recently these have grown and in many countries have linked up with larger international companies. While standards for the procurement, processing and storage of the tissues have kept pace with the growth of the subject, this is not so with the legal considerations associated with the practice. There is no unified legal system which is internationally operated. Europe, USA, Asia, Latin America, China have been developing legal systems on an individual basis. This book describes the present state of the development of laws to control and make the banking and use of tissues legal and safe. It describes, for the first time, the current systems which are used throughout the world and points the way to setting up a harmonized global legal system. Contents:Introduction: From a Cottage Industry to a Global Business (Glyn O Phillips)Legal Framework for International Operation of Tissue Banks (Peter Myint)The Legal and Regulatory Framework for Tissues and Cells in the European Union (Deborah R Hutchison)Litigation Risks Facing Tissue Banks in the United States (Daniel D Harshman)The Importance of a Code of Ethics and a Code of Practice for Tissue Establishments (Jorge Morales Pedraza)Ethical, Religious, Legal, and Cultural Issues for Tissue Banking, with Special Reference to the Asia-Pacific Region (Aziz Nather and Wee Lin)Challenges for Tissue Banking in the Asia-Pacific Region and Recent Progress in Malaysia (Norimah Yusof)Legal System for Tissue Banking in Latin America (Eulogia Kairiyama)Establishing a Legal System for Tissue Banking in China (Li Bao Xing, Zhao Yaping and Glyn O Phillips)Independence for Wales from the Remainder of the United Kingdom: A Change from Informed Consent to Presumed Consent (Glyn O Phillips)Germany: Regulation of Tissues and Tissue Banking — A Special Case (Peter Hergert and Ralf R Tönjes)Legal Issues Associated with Producing and Marketing Tissues Internationally (Caroline A Hartill)A Retrospective Look at the Largest Recall of Processed Bone Tissue in History (Helena Lazares and John T Salvucci)Polymethyl Methacrylate: An Acceptable Material for Tissue Augmentation and Reconstruction (Mario Cabraja, Jack Klecan and Glyn O Phillips) Readership: Ethicists, lawyers, policymakers, clinicians, healthcare professionals, stem cell scientists, researchers and academics in bioethics, and general public. Key Features:China practices are opened up for the first time to the WestThe European highly complex systems are described clearly and succinctly which may make the system understandable even to the European CommissionWales will change its legal system of tissue procurement and its difference from the remainder of the UK is describedGermany is a special case in Europe and is authoritatively coveredThere is a description of probably the most notable tissue banking litigation in the USAThe pioneering global work of the International Atomic Agency in setting basic systems in place is describedThe influence of religious belief on tissue and legal practices is also coveredKeywords:Tissue Banking;Transplantation;Tissue Law;Procurement;Commercial Tissues;Tissue Laws in China;Asia;Latin America;Europe and USA

Legal Basis Of Global Tissue Banking

Author: Glyn O. Phillips
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9789814663434
Size: 67.56 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4814
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The banking of human tissues for clinical transplantation has grown exponentially in the past 10-15 years. Tissue banks have been set up throughout the world, initially on an ad hoc basis. More recently these have grown and in many countries have linked up with larger international companies. While standards for the procurement, processing and storage of the tissues have kept pace with the growth of the subject, this is not so with the legal considerations associated with the practice. There is no unified legal system which is internationally operated. Europe, USA, Asia, Latin America, China have been developing legal systems on an individual basis. This book describes the present state of the development of laws to control and make the banking and use of tissues legal and safe. It describes, for the first time, the current systems which are used throughout the world and points the way to setting up a harmonized global legal system.

Biomaterials And Medical Devices

Author: Ferdiansyah Mahyudin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319148451
Size: 71.42 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents an introduction to biomaterials with the focus on the current development and future direction of biomaterials and medical devices research and development in Indonesia. It is the first biomaterials book written by selected academic and clinical experts experts on biomaterials and medical devices from various institutions and industries in Indonesia. It serves as a reference source for researchers starting new projects, for companies developing and marketing products and for governments setting new policies. Chapter one covers the fundamentals of biomaterials, types of biomaterials, their structures and properties and the relationship between them. Chapter two discusses unconventional processing of biomaterials including nano-hybrid organic-inorganic biomaterials. Chapter three addresses biocompatibility issues including in vitro cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, in vitro cell models, biocompatibility data and its related failure. Chapter four describes degradable biomaterial for medical implants, which include biodegradable polymers, biodegradable metals, degradation assessment techniques and future directions. Chapter five focuses on animal models for biomaterial research, ethics, care and use, implantation study and monitoring and studies on medical implants in animals in Indonesia. Chapter six covers biomimetic bioceramics, natural-based biocomposites and the latest research on natural-based biomaterials in Indonesia. Chapter seven describes recent advances in natural biomaterial from human and animal tissue, its processing and applications. Chapter eight discusses orthopedic applications of biomaterials focusing on most common problems in Indonesia, and surgical intervention and implants. Chapter nine describes biomaterials in dentistry and their development in Indonesia.

Cancer Clinical Trials Proactive Strategies

Author: Stanley P. L. Leong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387332251
Size: 30.15 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Clinical trials remain the most important vehicle for improving the care of cancer patients. This text presents the fundamental components and challenges involving clinical investigations. Leading experts discuss the critical issues covering the spectrum of important topics from planning to application. The book has a foreword by Samuel A. Wells, Jr., MD, Professor of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, former Director of the American College of Surgeons and Founder of the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group.

Designing And Implementing Health Care Provider Payment Systems

Author: Jack Langenbrunner
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821378244
Size: 23.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 729
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Strategic purchasing of health services involves a continuous search for the best ways to maximize health system performance by deciding which interventions should be purchased, from whom these should be purchased, and how to pay for them. In such an arrangement, the passive cashier is replaced by an intelligent purchaser that can focus scarce resources on existing and emerging priorities rather than continuing entrenched historical spending patterns.Having experimented with different ways of paying providers of health care services, countries increasingly want to know not only what to do when paying providers, but also how to do it, particularly how to design, manage, and implement the transition from current to reformed systems. 'Designing and Implementing Health Care Provider Payment Systems: How-To Manuals' addresses this need.The book has chapters on three of the most effective provider payment systems: primary care per capita (capitation) payment, case-based hospital payment, and hospital global budgets. It also includes a primer on a second policy lever used by purchasers, namely, contracting. This primer can be especially useful with one provider payment method: hospital global budgets. The volume's final chapter provides an outline for designing, launching, and running a health management information system, as well as the necessary infrastructure for strategic purchasing.

The End Of Alchemy Money Banking And The Future Of The Global Economy

Author: Mervyn King
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393247031
Size: 73.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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“Mervyn King may well have written the most important book to come out of the financial crisis. Agree or disagree, King’s visionary ideas deserve the attention of everyone from economics students to heads of state.” —Lawrence H. Summers Something is wrong with our banking system. We all sense that, but Mervyn King knows it firsthand; his ten years at the helm of the Bank of England, including at the height of the financial crisis, revealed profound truths about the mechanisms of our capitalist society. In The End of Alchemy he offers us an essential work about the history and future of money and banking, the keys to modern finance. The Industrial Revolution built the foundation of our modern capitalist age. Yet the flowering of technological innovations during that dynamic period relied on the widespread adoption of two much older ideas: the creation of paper money and the invention of banks that issued credit. We take these systems for granted today, yet at their core both ideas were revolutionary and almost magical. Common paper became as precious as gold, and risky long-term loans were transformed into safe short-term bank deposits. As King argues, this is financial alchemy—the creation of extraordinary financial powers that defy reality and common sense. Faith in these powers has led to huge benefits; the liquidity they create has fueled economic growth for two centuries now. However, they have also produced an unending string of economic disasters, from hyperinflations to banking collapses to the recent global recession and current stagnation. How do we reconcile the potent strengths of these ideas with their inherent weaknesses? King draws on his unique experience to present fresh interpretations of these economic forces and to point the way forward for the global economy. His bold solutions cut through current overstuffed and needlessly complex legislation to provide a clear path to durable prosperity and the end of overreliance on the alchemy of our financial ancestors.

The Future Of Nursing

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309208955
Size: 43.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system. At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force. They also spend the greatest amount of time in delivering patient care as a profession. Nurses therefore have valuable insights and unique abilities to contribute as partners with other health care professionals in improving the quality and safety of care as envisioned in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted this year. Nurses should be fully engaged with other health professionals and assume leadership roles in redesigning care in the United States. To ensure its members are well-prepared, the profession should institute residency training for nurses, increase the percentage of nurses who attain a bachelor's degree to 80 percent by 2020, and double the number who pursue doctorates. Furthermore, regulatory and institutional obstacles -- including limits on nurses' scope of practice -- should be removed so that the health system can reap the full benefit of nurses' training, skills, and knowledge in patient care. In this book, the Institute of Medicine makes recommendations for an action-oriented blueprint for the future of nursing.

Governance Risk And Compliance Handbook

Author: Anthony Tarantino
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470245552
Size: 39.30 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Providing a comprehensive framework for a sustainable governance model, and how to leverage it in competing global markets, Governance, Risk, and Compliance Handbook presents a readable overview to the political, regulatory, technical, process, and people considerations in complying with an ever more demanding regulatory environment and achievement of good corporate governance. Offering an international overview, this book features contributions from sixty-four industry experts from fifteen countries.

Global Issues For Global Citizens

Author: Vinay Kumar Bhargava
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821367323
Size: 35.58 MB
Format: PDF
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Written by 27 World Bank experts, this book draws on the Bank's unique global capabilities and experience to promote an understanding of key global issues that cannot be solved by any one nation alone in an increasingly interconnected world. It describes the forces that are shaping public and private action to address these issues and highlights the Bank's own work in these areas. Covering four broad themes (global economy, global human development, global environment, and global governance), this comprehensive volume provides an introduction to today's most pressing global issues -- from pove.