Liberal Beginnings

Author: Andreas Kalyvas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139473263
Size: 63.79 MB
Format: PDF
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The book examines the origins and development of the modern liberal tradition and explores the relationship between republicanism and liberalism between 1750 and 1830. The authors consider the diverse settings of Scotland, the American colonies, the new United States, and France and examine the writings of six leading thinkers of this period: Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson, James Madison, Thomas Paine, Germaine de Staël, and Benjamin Constant. The book traces the process by which these thinkers transformed and advanced the republican project, both from within and by introducing new elements from without. Without compromising civic principles or abandoning republican language, they came to see that unrevised, the republican tradition could not grapple successfully with the political problems of their time. By investing new meanings, arguments, and justifications into existing republican ideas and political forms, these innovators fashioned a doctrine for a modern republic, the core of which was surprisingly liberal.

Pluralism And The Idea Of The Republic In France

Author: Julian Wright
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137028319
Size: 24.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The idea of the centralized State has played a powerful role in shaping French republicanism. But for two hundred years, many have tried to find other ways of being French and Republican. These essays challenge the traditional account, bringing together new insights from leading scholars.

The Religion Of Democracy

Author: Amy Kittelstrom
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1594204853
Size: 51.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Today we associate liberal politics with secularism. However, the role of religion in American politics has always been more complex than that: America has never had a president, democrat or republican, who has not openly stated that they are a Christian, for a start! The Religion of Democracy is a lively narrative of quintessentially American ideas as they were forged, debated and remade across history. Kittlestrom shows that the principles of liberty and equality did not emerge in opposition to religion but were actually forged by religion.

Reflections On Conservatism

Author: Doğancan Özsel
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443833959
Size: 49.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In comparison to other political doctrines, conservatism is an understudied subject and there are few books that bring together works of scholars studying conservatism from different perspectives. Reflections on Conservatism is among these few pieces and is written for those who are interested in conservative thinking and conservative movements in different countries. In Reflections on Conservatism, readers will find 13 articles covering a wide range of aspects on conservatism. Six of these articles offer analyses of certain theoretical aspects of conservatism and focus on issues such as the definition of conservatism, the theme of inequality in conservative thinking and the applicability of conservative principals to postcolonial politics. Following these, there are seven articles that focus on conservative movements or thinkers from different countries. Here, readers will find detailed discussions on the contemporary state of British and US conservatisms as well as Sarkozy’s UMP. There are also other articles that present the portrayal of post-war cultural conservatism in Denmark, Antall’s conservatism in Hungary and radical conservative trends in Turkey.

A Virtue For Courageous Minds

Author: Aurelian Craiutu
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400842425
Size: 28.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Political moderation is the touchstone of democracy, which could not function without compromise and bargaining, yet it is one of the most understudied concepts in political theory. How can we explain this striking paradox? Why do we often underestimate the virtue of moderation? Seeking to answer these questions, A Virtue for Courageous Minds examines moderation in modern French political thought and sheds light on the French Revolution and its legacy. Aurelian Craiutu begins with classical thinkers who extolled the virtues of a moderate approach to politics, such as Aristotle and Cicero. He then shows how Montesquieu inaugurated the modern rebirth of this tradition by laying the intellectual foundations for moderate government. Craiutu looks at important figures such as Jacques Necker, Madame de Staël, and Benjamin Constant, not only in the context of revolutionary France but throughout Europe. He traces how moderation evolves from an individual moral virtue into a set of institutional arrangements calculated to protect individual liberty, and he explores the deep affinity between political moderation and constitutional complexity. Craiutu demonstrates how moderation navigates between political extremes, and he challenges the common notion that moderation is an essentially conservative virtue, stressing instead its eclectic nature. Drawing on a broad range of writings in political theory, the history of political thought, philosophy, and law, A Virtue for Courageous Minds reveals how the virtue of political moderation can address the profound complexities of the world today.

Democratic Legitimacy

Author: Pierre Rosanvallon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400838745
Size: 49.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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It's a commonplace that citizens in Western democracies are disaffected with their political leaders and traditional democratic institutions. But in Democratic Legitimacy, Pierre Rosanvallon, one of today's leading political thinkers, argues that this crisis of confidence is partly a crisis of understanding. He makes the case that the sources of democratic legitimacy have shifted and multiplied over the past thirty years and that we need to comprehend and make better use of these new sources of legitimacy in order to strengthen our political self-belief and commitment to democracy. Drawing on examples from France and the United States, Rosanvallon notes that there has been a major expansion of independent commissions, NGOs, regulatory authorities, and watchdogs in recent decades. At the same time, constitutional courts have become more willing and able to challenge legislatures. These institutional developments, which serve the democratic values of impartiality and reflexivity, have been accompanied by a new attentiveness to what Rosanvallon calls the value of proximity, as governing structures have sought to find new spaces for minorities, the particular, and the local. To improve our democracies, we need to use these new sources of legitimacy more effectively and we need to incorporate them into our accounts of democratic government. An original contribution to the vigorous international debate about democratic authority and legitimacy, this promises to be one of Rosanvallon's most important books.

Liberals And Communitarians

Author: Stephen Mulhall
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631198192
Size: 39.19 MB
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This is a substantially updated edition of the established guide to this key debate in modern political philosophy.

Slavery In The American Republic

Author: David F. Ericson
ISBN: 9780700617968
Size: 47.52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Drawing on deep archival research that tracks federal expenditures on slavery-related items, this book reveals how the institution of slavery not only shaped domestic and foreign policy but also shaped the structure of the federal government itself.

Democracy And The Politics Of The Extraordinary

Author: Andreas Kalyvas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521133418
Size: 30.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Although the modern age is often described as the age of democratic revolutions, the subject of popular foundings has not captured the imagination of contemporary political thought. Most of the time, democratic theory and political science treat as the object of their inquiry normal politics, institutionalized power, and consolidated democracies. The aim of Andreas Kalyvas' study is to show why it is important for democratic theory to rethink the question of its beginnings. Is there a founding unique to democracies? Can a democracy be democratically established? What are the implications of expanding democratic politics in light of the question of whether and how to address democracy's beginnings? Kalyvas addresses these questions and scrutinizes the possibility of democratic beginnings in terms of the category of the extraordinary, as he reconstructs it from the writings of Max Weber, Carl Schmitt, and Hannah Arendt and their views on the creation of new political, symbolic, and constitutional orders.