Mathematical Logic

Author: Ian Chiswell
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198571003
Size: 61.26 MB
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Assuming no previous study in logic, this informal yet rigorous text covers the material of a standard undergraduate first course in mathematical logic, using natural deduction and leading up to the completeness theorem for first-order logic. At each stage of the text, the reader is given an intuition based on standard mathematical practice, which is subsequently developed with clean formal mathematics. Alongside the practical examples, readers learn what can and can't becalculated; for example the correctness of a derivation proving a given sequent can be tested mechanically, but there is no general mechanical test for the existence of a derivation proving the given sequent. The undecidability results are proved rigorously in an optional final chapter, assumingMatiyasevich's theorem characterising the computably enumerable relations. Rigorous proofs of the adequacy and completeness proofs of the relevant logics are provided, with careful attention to the languages involved. Optional sections discuss the classification of mathematical structures by first-order theories; the required theory of cardinality is developed from scratch. Throughout the book there are notes on historical aspects of the material, and connections with linguistics andcomputer science, and the discussion of syntax and semantics is influenced by modern linguistic approaches. Two basic themes in recent cognitive science studies of actual human reasoning are also introduced. Including extensive exercises and selected solutions, this text is ideal for students in Logic,Mathematics, Philosophy, and Computer Science.

A First Course In Logic

Author: Shawn Hedman
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198529811
Size: 64.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"The ability to reason and think in a logical manner forms the basis of learning for most mathematics, computer science, philosophy and logic students. Based on the author's teaching notes at the University of Maryland and aimed at a broad audience, thistext covers the fundamental topics in classical logic in a clear, thorough and accurate style that is accessible to all the above. Covering propositional logic, first-order logic, and second-order logic, as well as proof theory, computability theory, andmodel theory, the text also contains numerous carefully graded exercises and is ideal for a first or refresher course."--BOOK JACKET.

A Friendly Introduction To Mathematical Logic

Author: Christopher C. Leary
ISBN: 1942341075
Size: 42.88 MB
Format: PDF
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At the intersection of mathematics, computer science, and philosophy, mathematical logic examines the power and limitations of formal mathematical thinking. In this expansion of Leary's user-friendly 1st edition, readers with no previous study in the field are introduced to the basics of model theory, proof theory, and computability theory. The text is designed to be used either in an upper division undergraduate classroom, or for self study. Updating the 1st Edition's treatment of languages, structures, and deductions, leading to rigorous proofs of Godel's First and Second Incompleteness Theorems, the expanded 2nd Edition includes a new introduction to incompleteness through computability as well as solutions to selected exercises."

Modern Logic

Author: Graeme Forbes
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195080292
Size: 54.62 MB
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Filling the need for an accessible, carefully structured introductory text in symbolic logic, Modern Logic has many features designed to improve students' comprehension of the subject, including a proof system that is the same as the award-winning computer program MacLogic, and a special appendix that shows how to use MacLogic as a teaching aid. There are graded exercises at the end of each chapter--more than 900 in all--with selected answers at the end of the book. Unlike competing texts, Modern Logic gives equal weight to semantics and proof theory and explains their relationship, and develops in detail techniques for symbolizing natural language in first-order logic. After a general introduction featuring the notion of logical form, the book offers sections on classical sentential logic, monadic predicate logic, and full first-order logic with identity. A concluding section deals with extensions of and alternatives to classical logic, including modal logic, intuitionistic logic, and fuzzy logic. For students of philosophy, mathematics, computer science, or linguistics, Modern Logic provides a thorough understanding of basic concepts and a sound basis for more advanced work.

An Introduction To Formal Logic

Author: Peter Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521008044
Size: 25.38 MB
Format: PDF
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Formal logic provides us with a powerful set of techniques for criticizing some arguments and showing others to be valid. These techniques are relevant to all of us with an interest in being skilful and accurate reasoners. In this highly accessible book, Peter Smith presents a guide to the fundamental aims and basic elements of formal logic. He introduces the reader to the languages of propositional and predicate logic, and then develops formal systems for evaluating arguments translated into these languages, concentrating on the easily comprehensible 'tree' method. His discussion is richly illustrated with worked examples and exercises. A distinctive feature is that, alongside the formal work, there is illuminating philosophical commentary. This book will make an ideal text for a first logic course, and will provide a firm basis for further work in formal and philosophical logic.

Proof And Disproof In Formal Logic

Author: Richard Bornat
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198530277
Size: 53.78 MB
Format: PDF
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Proof and Disproof in Formal Logic is a lively and entertaining introduction to formal logic providing an excellent insight into how a simple logic works. This book concentrates on using logic as a tool: making and using formal proofs and disproofs of particular logical claims. The logic it uses - natural deduction - is very simple and shows how large mathematical universes can be built on small foundations. Aimed at undergraduates and graduates in computerscience, logic, mathematics, and philosophy, the text includes reference to...

Fundamentals Of Mathematical Logic

Author: Peter G. Hinman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439864276
Size: 24.56 MB
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This introductory graduate text covers modern mathematical logic from propositional, first-order and infinitary logic and Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems to extensive introductions to set theory, model theory and recursion (computability) theory. Based on the author's more than 35 years of teaching experience, the book develops students' intuition by presenting complex ideas in the simplest context for which they make sense. The book is appropriate for use as a classroom text, for self-study, and as a reference on the state of modern logic.

Intermediate Logic

Author: David Bostock
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780191567070
Size: 20.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Intermediate Logic fills a serious gap in the range of university logic texts by offering a clear, reliable, general guide for students taking a second course in logic after completing a basic introduction. It will serve as an ideal follow-up to any of the standard introductory texts, and will give excellent preparation for advanced work in logical theory or applications of logic in philosophy, mathematics, or computing theory. - ;Intermediate Logic is an ideal text for anyone who has taken a first course in logic and is progressing to further study. It examines logical theory, rather than the applications of logic, and does not assume any specific technological grounding. The author introduces and explains each concept and term, ensuring that readers have a firm foundation for study. He provides a broad, deep understanding of logic by adopting and comparing a variety of different methods and approaches. In the first section, Bostock covers such fundamental notions as truth, validity, entailment, quantification, and decision procedures. Part two lays out a definitive introduction to four key logical tools or procedures: semantic tableaux, axiomatic proofs, natural deduction, and sequent calculi. The final section opens up new areas of existence and identity, concluding by moving from orthodox logic to examination of `free logic'. Intermediate Logic provides an ideal secondary course in logic for university students, and a bridge to advanced study of such subjects as model theory, proof theory, and other specialized areas of mathematical logic. -

Model Theory

Author: María Manzano
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198538516
Size: 31.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Logic languages are free from the ambiguities of natural languages, and are therefore specially suited for use in computing. Model theory is the branch of mathematical logic which concerns the relationship between mathematical structures and logic languages, and has become increasingly important in areas such as computing, philosophy and linguistics. As the reasoning process takes place at a very abstract level, model theory applies to a wide variety of structures. It is also possible todefine new structures and classify existing ones by establishing links between them. These links can be very useful since they allow us to transfer our knowledge between related structures. This book provides a clear and readable introduction to the subject, and is suitable for both mathematicians and students from outside the subject. It includes some historically relevant information before each major topic is introduced, making it a useful reference for non-experts. The motivation of the subject is constantly explained, and proofs are also explained in detail.

Propositional And Predicate Calculus A Model Of Argument

Author: Derek Goldrei
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781846282294
Size: 63.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Designed specifically for guided independent study. Features a wealth of worked examples and exercises, many with full teaching solutions, that encourage active participation in the development of the material. It focuses on core material and provides a solid foundation for further study.