Membranes For Membrane Reactors

Author: Angelo Basile
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470977576
Size: 53.34 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A membrane reactor is a device for simultaneously performing a reaction and a membrane-based separation in the same physical device. Therefore, the membrane not only plays the role of a separator, but also takes place in the reaction itself. This text covers, in detail, the preparation and characterisation of all types of membranes used in membranes reactors. Each membrane synthesis process used by membranologists is explained by well known scientists in their specific research field. The book opens with an exhaustive review and introduction to membrane reactors, introducing the recent advances in this field. The following chapters concern the preparation of both organic and inorganic, and in both cases, a deep analysis of all the techniques used to prepare membrane are presented and discussed. A brief historical introduction for each technique is also included, followed by a complete description of the technique as well as the main results presented in the international specialized literature. In order to give to the reader a summary look to the overall work, a conclusive chapter is included for collecting all the information presented in the previous chapters. Key features: Fills a gap in the market for a scientific book describing the preparation and characterization of all the kind of membranes used in membrane reactors Discusses an important topic - there is increasing emphasis on membranes in general, due to their use as energy efficient separation tools and the ‘green’ chemistry opportunities they offer Includes a review about membrane reactors, several chapters concerning the preparation organic, inorganic, dense, porous, and composite membranes and a conclusion with a comparison among the different membrane preparation techniques

Process Intensification For Sustainable Energy Conversion

Author: Fausto Gallucci
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118449355
Size: 27.68 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book addresses the application of process intensification to sustainable energy production, combining two very topical subject areas. Due to the increasing process of petroleum, sustainable energy production technologies must be developed, for example bioenergy, blue energy, chemical looping combustion, concepts for CO2 capture etc. Process intensification offers significant competitive advantages, because it provides more efficient processes, leading to outstanding cost reduction, increased productivity and more environment-friendly processes.

Fundamentals Of Membrane Bioreactors

Author: Bradley Ladewig
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811020140
Size: 78.56 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book provides a critical, carefully researched, up-to-date summary of membranes for membrane bioreactors. It presents a comprehensive and self-contained outline of the fundamentals of membrane bioreactors, especially their relevance as an advanced water treatment technology. This outline helps to bring the technology to the readers’ attention, and positions the critical topic of membrane fouling as one of the key impediments to its more widescale adoption. The target readership includes researchers and industrial practitioners with an interest in membrane bioreactors.

Integrated Membrane Systems And Processes

Author: Angelo Basile
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118739086
Size: 54.11 MB
Format: PDF
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The book examines the possibility of integrating different membrane unit operations (microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis and gas separation) in the same industrial cycle or in combination with conventional separation systems. It gives careful analysis of the technical aspects, and the possible fields of industrial development. The book reviews many original solutions in water desalination, agro-food productions and wastewater treatments, highlighting the advantages achievable in terms of product quality, compactness, rationalization and optimization of productive cycles, reduction of environmental impact and energy saving. Also included are examples of membrane reactors and their integration with a fuel cell; polymeric membranes in the integrated gasification combined cycle power plants; integrating a membrane reformer into a solar system; and potential application of membrane integrated systems in the fusion reactor fuel cycle. With detailed analysis and broad coverage, the book is divided into two sections: Bio-applications and Inorganic Applications.

Membrane Based Separations In Metallurgy

Author: Lan Ying Jiang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128034270
Size: 17.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Ceramic Membranes

Author: Vitaly Gitis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527334939
Size: 79.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This textbook gives a clear and coherent overview of ceramic membranes, from preparation methods all the way to applications and economics. The authors, who are known for their clear writing style, combine their expertise in environmental engineering and porous materials to cover a wide range of examples, with over 1000 references. Chapters 1, 2 and 3 give a detailed introduction to membrane synthesis, transport mechanisms, and characterisation. Building on this, Chapter 4 outlines the state-of-the-art in ceramic membrane applications, including fuel cells, water purification, gas separation, and the making of cheeses, fruit juice, wine and beer. The final chapter deals with the economics of ceramic membrane processes, using industrial case studies to examine market barriers and opportunities. Ceramics are known throughout history, but now, after thousands of years, they´re making a comeback. Indeed, they may hold the key for addressing three of today´s biggest challenges: clean energy, drinking water and air pollution. This book is a must-have for anyone who wants to enter the ceramic membranes field, or keep up-to-date with the latest developments and applications. This textbook gives a clear and coherent overview of ceramic membranes, from preparation methods all the way to applications and economics. The authors, who are known for their clear writing style, combine their expertise in environmental engineering and porous materials to cover a wide range of examples, with over 1000 references. Chapters 1, 2 and 3 give a detailed introduction to membrane synthesis, transport mechanisms, and characterisation. Building on this, Chapter 4 outlines the state-of-the-art in ceramic membrane applications, including fuel cells, water purification, gas separation, and the making of cheeses, fruit juice, wine and beer. The final chapter deals with the economics of ceramic membrane processes, using industrial case studies to examine market barriers and opportunities. Ceramics are known throughout history, but now, after thousands of years, they´re making a comeback. Indeed, they may hold the key for addressing three of today´s biggest challenges: clean energy, drinking water and air pollution. This book is a must-have for anyone who wants to enter the ceramic membranes field, or keep up-to-date with the latest developments and applications.

Hydrogen Production Separation And Purification For Energy

Author: Angelo Basile
Publisher: IET
ISBN: 1785611003
Size: 78.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Hydrogen can be used for electricity generation, for transportation, as well as, mixed with natural gas, for heating, thus reducing the carbon emissions of all parts of the energy system. Subsequently, hydrogen production is set to play an increasing role in a modern, clean energy system. It can be produced from clean energy, such as excess solar or wind energy, thus serving as a storage medium to help mitigate the intermittency of renewables. It can also be used in stationary as well as mobile devices, such as fuel cells. However, the ways to produce hydrogen to sufficient purity standards need to be developed further and made more efficient and cost effective. This book describes the current techniques for producing hydrogen and discusses the current challenges. Catalysts covered include structured catalysts for process intensification in hydrogen production; bimetallic supported catalysts; catalysts for hydrogen production from renewable raw materials, by-products and waste; nickel/copper based catalysts; development of novel Ni and Cu catalysts (e.g. nanostructures) for hydrogen production; transition metal catalysts; and catalysts with carbon nanotubes. Reactions and reactors covered include biofuels as starting materials for hydrogen production; membrane bioreactors; inorganic membrane reactors for ultrapure hydrogen production; thermodynamic, modelling and engineering aspects in the ultrapure hydrogen production; micro-reactors; perovskite membrane reactors; polymeric membrane materials for hydrogen separation; industrial membranes for hydrogen separation; multifunctional hybrid sorption-enhanced membrane reactor; carbon based membranes; palladium membranes; group 5 metal membranes; and separation of hydrogen isotopes by cryogenic distillation. Researchers, advanced students and practising in energy engineering, particularly in hydrogen energy, will find this book of interest.

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes

Author: K. C. Khulbe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540739944
Size: 80.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Researchers in polymeric membranes as well as R&D professionals will find this work an essential addition to the literature. It concentrates on the method recently developed to study the surfaces of synthetic polymeric membranes using an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), which is fast becoming a very important tool. Each chapter includes information on basic principles, commercial applications, an overview of current research and guidelines for future research.

Advanced Ceramic Membranes And Applications

Author: Chandan Das
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781138055407
Size: 39.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book provides a balanced blend of fundamental concepts of fabrication, characterization of conventional ceramics, extending to present the recent advances in ceramic membranes. It covers the basic concepts of ceramic membranes as well as practical and theoretical knowledge in conventional and advanced ceramic membranes combined with unorthodox ideas for novel approaches in ceramic membranes. Book includes lot of real time examples derived largely from research work by authors. Aimed at researchers, students and academics in the field of membrane engineering around the globe, it has following key features: Guides readers through manufacturing, characterizing and using low-cost ceramic technology. Provides an overview of the different types of ceramic membranes, catalytic reactors and their uses. Covers industrial application, separation and purification. Includes recent developments and advances in membrane fabrication. Discusses new raw materials for ceramic membranes.

Liquid Membranes

Author: Vladimir S Kislik
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080932569
Size: 14.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.