Parallelism In Matrix Computations

Author: Efstratios Gallopoulos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 940177188X
Size: 73.45 MB
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This book is primarily intended as a research monograph that could also be used in graduate courses for the design of parallel algorithms in matrix computations. It assumes general but not extensive knowledge of numerical linear algebra, parallel architectures, and parallel programming paradigms. The book consists of four parts: (I) Basics; (II) Dense and Special Matrix Computations; (III) Sparse Matrix Computations; and (IV) Matrix functions and characteristics. Part I deals with parallel programming paradigms and fundamental kernels, including reordering schemes for sparse matrices. Part II is devoted to dense matrix computations such as parallel algorithms for solving linear systems, linear least squares, the symmetric algebraic eigenvalue problem, and the singular-value decomposition. It also deals with the development of parallel algorithms for special linear systems such as banded ,Vandermonde ,Toeplitz ,and block Toeplitz systems. Part III addresses sparse matrix computations: (a) the development of parallel iterative linear system solvers with emphasis on scalable preconditioners, (b) parallel schemes for obtaining a few of the extreme eigenpairs or those contained in a given interval in the spectrum of a standard or generalized symmetric eigenvalue problem, and (c) parallel methods for computing a few of the extreme singular triplets. Part IV focuses on the development of parallel algorithms for matrix functions and special characteristics such as the matrix pseudospectrum and the determinant. The book also reviews the theoretical and practical background necessary when designing these algorithms and includes an extensive bibliography that will be useful to researchers and students alike. The book brings together many existing algorithms for the fundamental matrix computations that have a proven track record of efficient implementation in terms of data locality and data transfer on state-of-the-art systems, as well as several algorithms that are presented for the first time, focusing on the opportunities for parallelism and algorithm robustness.

Parallelism In Matrix Computations

Author: Efstratios Gallopoulos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 940177188X
Size: 28.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5758
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This book is primarily intended as a research monograph that could also be used in graduate courses for the design of parallel algorithms in matrix computations. It assumes general but not extensive knowledge of numerical linear algebra, parallel architectures, and parallel programming paradigms. The book consists of four parts: (I) Basics; (II) Dense and Special Matrix Computations; (III) Sparse Matrix Computations; and (IV) Matrix functions and characteristics. Part I deals with parallel programming paradigms and fundamental kernels, including reordering schemes for sparse matrices. Part II is devoted to dense matrix computations such as parallel algorithms for solving linear systems, linear least squares, the symmetric algebraic eigenvalue problem, and the singular-value decomposition. It also deals with the development of parallel algorithms for special linear systems such as banded ,Vandermonde ,Toeplitz ,and block Toeplitz systems. Part III addresses sparse matrix computations: (a) the development of parallel iterative linear system solvers with emphasis on scalable preconditioners, (b) parallel schemes for obtaining a few of the extreme eigenpairs or those contained in a given interval in the spectrum of a standard or generalized symmetric eigenvalue problem, and (c) parallel methods for computing a few of the extreme singular triplets. Part IV focuses on the development of parallel algorithms for matrix functions and special characteristics such as the matrix pseudospectrum and the determinant. The book also reviews the theoretical and practical background necessary when designing these algorithms and includes an extensive bibliography that will be useful to researchers and students alike. The book brings together many existing algorithms for the fundamental matrix computations that have a proven track record of efficient implementation in terms of data locality and data transfer on state-of-the-art systems, as well as several algorithms that are presented for the first time, focusing on the opportunities for parallelism and algorithm robustness.

Parallel Scientific Computing In C And Mpi

Author: George Em Karniadakis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110749477X
Size: 38.32 MB
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Numerical algorithms, modern programming techniques, and parallel computing are often taught serially across different courses and different textbooks. The need to integrate concepts and tools usually comes only in employment or in research - after the courses are concluded - forcing the student to synthesise what is perceived to be three independent subfields into one. This book provides a seamless approach to stimulate the student simultaneously through the eyes of multiple disciplines, leading to enhanced understanding of scientific computing as a whole. The book includes both basic as well as advanced topics and places equal emphasis on the discretization of partial differential equations and on solvers. Some of the advanced topics include wavelets, high-order methods, non-symmetric systems, and parallelization of sparse systems. The material covered is suited to students from engineering, computer science, physics and mathematics.

High Performance Computational Science And Engineering

Author: Michael K. Ng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387240489
Size: 29.41 MB
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Proceedings of the International Symposium on High Performance Computational Science and Engineering 2004 (IFIP World Computer Congress) is an essential reference for both academic and professional researchers in the field of computational science and engineering. Computational Science and Engineering is increasingly becoming an emerging and promising discipline in shaping future research and development activities in academia and industry ranging from engineering, science, finance, economics, arts and humanitarian fields. New challenges are in modeling of complex systems, sophisticated algorithms, advanced scientific and engineering computing, and associated (multi-disciplinary) problem solving environments. The papers presented in this volume are specially selected to address the most up-to-date ideas, results, work-in-progress and research experience in the area of high performance computational techniques for science and engineering applications. This state-of-the-are volume presents the proceedings of the International Symposium on High Performance Computational Science and Engineering, held in conjunction with the IFIP World Computer Congress, August 2004, in Toulouse, France. The collection will be important not only for computational science and engineering experts and researchers but for all teachers and administrators interested in high performance computational techniques.

Parallel Processing For Scientific Computing

Author: Michael A. Heroux
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 0898716195
Size: 80.40 MB
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Scientific computing has often been called the third approach to scientific discovery, emerging as a peer to experimentation and theory. Historically, the synergy between experimentation and theory has been well understood: experiments give insight into possible theories, theories inspire experiments, experiments reinforce or invalidate theories, and so on. As scientific computing has evolved to produce results that meet or exceed the quality of experimental and theoretical results, it has become indispensable.Parallel processing has been an enabling technology in scientific computing for more than 20 years. This book is the first in-depth discussion of parallel computing in 10 years; it reflects the mix of topics that mathematicians, computer scientists, and computational scientists focus on to make parallel processing effective for scientific problems. Presently, the impact of parallel processing on scientific computing varies greatly across disciplines, but it plays a vital role in most problem domains and is absolutely essential in many of them. Parallel Processing for Scientific Computing is divided into four parts: The first concerns performance modeling, analysis, and optimization; the second focuses on parallel algorithms and software for an array of problems common to many modeling and simulation applications; the third emphasizes tools and environments that can ease and enhance the process of application development; and the fourth provides a sampling of applications that require parallel computing for scaling to solve larger and realistic models that can advance science and engineering. This edited volume serves as an up-to-date reference for researchers and application developers on the state of the art in scientific computing. It also serves as an excellent overview and introduction, especially for graduate and senior-level undergraduate students interested in computational modeling and simulation and related computer science and applied mathematics aspects.Contents List of Figures; List of Tables; Preface; Chapter 1: Frontiers of Scientific Computing: An Overview; Part I: Performance Modeling, Analysis and Optimization. Chapter 2: Performance Analysis: From Art to Science; Chapter 3: Approaches to Architecture-Aware Parallel Scientific Computation; Chapter 4: Achieving High Performance on the BlueGene/L Supercomputer; Chapter 5: Performance Evaluation and Modeling of Ultra-Scale Systems; Part II: Parallel Algorithms and Enabling Technologies. Chapter 6: Partitioning and Load Balancing; Chapter 7: Combinatorial Parallel and Scientific Computing; Chapter 8: Parallel Adaptive Mesh Refinement; Chapter 9: Parallel Sparse Solvers, Preconditioners, and Their Applications; Chapter 10: A Survey of Parallelization Techniques for Multigrid Solvers; Chapter 11: Fault Tolerance in Large-Scale Scientific Computing; Part III: Tools and Frameworks for Parallel Applications. Chapter 12: Parallel Tools and Environments: A Survey; Chapter 13: Parallel Linear Algebra Software; Chapter 14: High-Performance Component Software Systems; Chapter 15: Integrating Component-Based Scientific Computing Software; Part IV: Applications of Parallel Computing. Chapter 16: Parallel Algorithms for PDE-Constrained Optimization; Chapter 17: Massively Parallel Mixed-Integer Programming; Chapter 18: Parallel Methods and Software for Multicomponent Simulations; Chapter 19: Parallel Computational Biology; Chapter 20: Opportunities and Challenges for Parallel Computing in Science and Engineering; Index.

Parallel Computing Accelerating Computational Science And Engineering Cse

Author: M. Bader
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614993815
Size: 29.46 MB
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Parallel computing has been the enabling technology of high-end machines for many years. Now, it has finally become the ubiquitous key to the efficient use of any kind of multi-processor computer architecture, from smart phones, tablets, embedded systems and cloud computing up to exascale computers. _x000D_ This book presents the proceedings of ParCo2013 – the latest edition of the biennial International Conference on Parallel Computing – held from 10 to 13 September 2013, in Garching, Germany. The conference focused on several key parallel computing areas. Themes included parallel programming models for multi- and manycore CPUs, GPUs, FPGAs and heterogeneous platforms, the performance engineering processes that must be adapted to efficiently use these new and innovative platforms, novel numerical algorithms and approaches to large-scale simulations of problems in science and engineering._x000D_ The conference programme also included twelve mini-symposia (including an industry session and a special PhD Symposium), which comprehensively represented and intensified the discussion of current hot topics in high performance and parallel computing. These special sessions covered large-scale supercomputing, novel challenges arising from parallel architectures (multi-/manycore, heterogeneous platforms, FPGAs), multi-level algorithms as well as multi-scale, multi-physics and multi-dimensional problems._x000D_ It is clear that parallel computing – including the processing of large data sets (“Big Data”) – will remain a persistent driver of research in all fields of innovative computing, which makes this book relevant to all those with an interest in this field.

Applied Parallel And Scientific Computing

Author: Kristján Jónasson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642281508
Size: 65.34 MB
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The two volume set LNCS 7133 and LNCS 7134 constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Applied Parallel and Scientific Computing, PARA 2010, held in Reykjavík, Iceland, in June 2010. These volumes contain three keynote lectures, 29 revised papers and 45 minisymposia presentations arranged on the following topics: cloud computing, HPC algorithms, HPC programming tools, HPC in meteorology, parallel numerical algorithms, parallel computing in physics, scientific computing tools, HPC software engineering, simulations of atomic scale systems, tools and environments for accelerator based computational biomedicine, GPU computing, high performance computing interval methods, real-time access and processing of large data sets, linear algebra algorithms and software for multicore and hybrid architectures in honor of Fred Gustavson on his 75th birthday, memory and multicore issues in scientific computing - theory and praxis, multicore algorithms and implementations for application problems, fast PDE solvers and a posteriori error estimates, and scalable tools for high performance computing.

Parallel Scientific Computing And Optimization

Author: Raimondas Ciegis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387097074
Size: 51.21 MB
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Parallel Scientific Computing and Optimization introduces new developments in the construction, analysis, and implementation of parallel computing algorithms. This book presents 23 self-contained chapters, including survey chapters and surveys, written by distinguished researchers in the field of parallel computing. Each chapter is devoted to some aspects of the subject: parallel algorithms for matrix computations, parallel optimization, management of parallel programming models and data, with the largest focus on parallel scientific computing in industrial applications. This volume is intended for scientists and graduate students specializing in computer science and applied mathematics who are engaged in parallel scientific computing.

Introduction To High Performance Computing For Scientists And Engineers

Author: Georg Hager
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439811931
Size: 37.49 MB
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Written by high performance computing (HPC) experts, Introduction to High Performance Computing for Scientists and Engineers provides a solid introduction to current mainstream computer architecture, dominant parallel programming models, and useful optimization strategies for scientific HPC. From working in a scientific computing center, the authors gained a unique perspective on the requirements and attitudes of users as well as manufacturers of parallel computers. The text first introduces the architecture of modern cache-based microprocessors and discusses their inherent performance limitations, before describing general optimization strategies for serial code on cache-based architectures. It next covers shared- and distributed-memory parallel computer architectures and the most relevant network topologies. After discussing parallel computing on a theoretical level, the authors show how to avoid or ameliorate typical performance problems connected with OpenMP. They then present cache-coherent nonuniform memory access (ccNUMA) optimization techniques, examine distributed-memory parallel programming with message passing interface (MPI), and explain how to write efficient MPI code. The final chapter focuses on hybrid programming with MPI and OpenMP. Users of high performance computers often have no idea what factors limit time to solution and whether it makes sense to think about optimization at all. This book facilitates an intuitive understanding of performance limitations without relying on heavy computer science knowledge. It also prepares readers for studying more advanced literature. Read about the authors’ recent honor: Informatics Europe Curriculum Best Practices Award for Parallelism and Concurrency