Physics Of The Environment And Climate

Author: Gérard Guyot
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471968283
Size: 27.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 7319
Download Read Online
Physics of the Environment and Climate GA(c)rard Guyot This introductory text reviews, for the first time in a unified form, information which is generally scattered between more specialized books in physics, meteorology, climatology, ecophysiology, agronomy and instrumental physics. In Physics of the Environment and Climate, GA(c)rard Guyot brings together physical, meteorological, ecological, and agronomical data, with a view to clarifying our understanding of complex global and climatological phenomena relating to the environment. In addition to the intrinsic scientific interest of this subject, it also has important applications in planning and production in agriculture, management of the rural environment, and evaluation of the impact of human activity on our surroundings. The first three chapters analyse energy and mass exchanges within and above the plant canopy and in the upper layers of the soil. They describe also the interaction existing between plant activity (photosynthesis, transpiration, etc.) and environmental factors. The following two chapters introduce the basic knowledge necessary for an understanding of the mechanisms affecting climates at different scales from the synoptic to local microclimates. The utilization of climatic data is then presented. Beginning with statistical analyses, the author leads on to practical applications, such as the determination of climatic risks, climatic and agro-climatic distribution in zones, and crop forecasting. The final chapter reviews the equipment and measurement methods used for the determination of various climatic factors. The broad nature of the book's approach, its inclusion of large-scale processes, explanations of how to measure climatic factors, and their use in solving practical problems in agro-climatology, will give the book immediate appeal. It provides the necessary information for land management planning from an agro-meteorological point of view, and is suitable for the undergraduate student and non-specialist reader with only a basic understanding of physics and mathematics. Readership: Students of agronomy, meteorology, climatology, geography, environmental science, atmospheric physics and environmental physics. Engineers and professionals in many fields such as agriculture, forestry, ecology, the rural environment, and the management of land, water and other natural resources.

Introduction To Environmental Physics

Author: Peter Hughes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482273063
Size: 36.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 5161
Download Read Online
The changing climate and its affect on all of us is becoming increasingly apparent - ozone depletion, hurricanes, floods and extreme weather behaviour. Introduction to Environmental Physics challenges the way we think about how and why environmental change occurs. This authoritative book aims to cover some of the more common and popular topics addressed in "physics of the earth", "physics of the environment" and "environmental physics" courses. It provides an essentially non- mathematical treatment suitable for a first year undergraduate level course. The principle topics covered are the physics of the built environment, the physics of human survival, energy for living, environmental health, revealing the planet, the sun and the atmosphere, the biosphere, the global climate and climate change. With contributions from well-respected experts on the subject, this textbook contains a summary, references and questions at the end of each chapter. This is an ideal textbook for first year undergraduates in a variety of courses, particularly physical geography, physics, environmental and earth science, with worked examples illustrating principles and vignettes from scientists who have made a significant contribution to the field enlightening the student along the way. As the authors say in the preface to this book, "At the outset of the 21st century there are many environmental challenges to be wrestled with, and though the environment is changing, the Physics is not!"

Environmental Physics

Author: Egbert Boeker
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470666757
Size: 49.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 6343
Download Read Online
Environmental Physics Third Edition - Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Egbert Boeker & Rienk van Grondelle, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands Environmental Physics, Third Edition serves as an introduction to physics in the context of societal problems such as energy supply, pollution, climate change and finite resources of fossil fuels and uranium. The emphasis of this text is on physics, i.e. the concepts and principles that help in understanding the ways to produce energy efficiently or to mitigate climate change. Extra attention is given to photosynthesis due to its importance in the field of renewable energy. This thoroughly revised and updated third edition focuses on the utilization of sustainable energy and mitigating climate change. The text explains the physical mechanisms behind climate change and discusses the physics of renewable energy options. Nuclear power is treated in a separate chapter because of its social and political importance. In the final chapter political and social aspects of ‘renewable energy and climate change' are reviewed. A distinguishing feature of the text is the discussion of spectroscopy and spectroscopic methods, again from basic concepts, as a crucial means to quantitatively analyze and monitor the condition of the environment, the factors determining climate change and all aspects of energy conversion. This textbook will be invaluable to students in physics and related subjects such as physical chemistry and geophysics. It assumes a basic knowledge in physics and mathematics, and all equations are derived from first principles and explained in a physical way. Supplementary material including sections from earlier editions of this book, a description of environmental experiments for a student's labs and computer codes to expand some of the books' content are available from www.few.vu.nl/environmentalphysics

Physics And The Environment

Author: Kyle Forinash
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681744945
Size: 61.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 6046
Download Read Online
Physics and the Environment directly connects the physical world to environmental issues that the world is facing today and will face in the future. It shows how the first and second laws of thermodynamics limit the efficiencies of fossil fuel energy conversions to less than 100%, while also discussing how clever technologies can enhance overall performance. It also extensively discusses renewable forms of energy, their physical constraints and how we must use science and engineering as tools to solve problems instead of opinion and politics. Dr. Kyle Forinash takes you on a journey of understanding our mature and well developed technologies for using fossil fuel resources and how we are unlikely to see huge gains in their efficiency as well as why their role in climate change ought to be an argument for their replacement sooner rather than later. He also discusses the newest technologies in employing renewable resources and how it is important to understand their physical constrains in order to make a smooth transition to them. An entire chapter is dedicated to energy storage, a core question in renewable energy as well as another chapter on the technical issues of nuclear energy. The book ends with a discussion on how no environmental solution, no matter how clever from a technical aspect, will succeed if there are cheaper alternative, even if those alternatives have undesirable features associated with them.

Principles Of Environmental Physics

Author: John Monteith
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869935
Size: 41.73 MB
Format: PDF
View: 4302
Download Read Online
Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture

Foundations Of Environmental Physics

Author: Kyle Forinash
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1597269603
Size: 18.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2021
Download Read Online
Foundations of Environmental Physics is designed to focus students on the current energy and environmental problems facing society, and to give them the critical thinking and computational skills needed to sort out potential solutions. From its pedagogical approach, students learn that a simple calculation based on first principles can often reveal the plausibility (or implausibility) of a proposed solution or new technology. Throughout its chapters, the text asks students to apply key concepts to current data (which they are required to locate using the Internet and other sources) to get a clearer picture of the most pressing issues in environmental science. The text begins by exploring how changes in world population impact all aspects of the environment, particularly with respect to energy use. It then discusses what the first and second laws of thermodynamics tell us about renewable and nonrenewable energy; how current energy use is changing the global climate; and how alternative technologies can be evaluated through scientific risk assessment. In approaching real-world problems, students come to understand the physical principles that underlie scientific findings. This informative and engaging textbook offers what prospective scientists, managers, and policymakers need most: the knowledge to understand environmental threats and the skills to find solutions.

Energy Environment And Climate

Author: Richard Wolfson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393912744
Size: 77.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 4466
Download Read Online
Energy, Environment, and Climate, Second Edition, is the most contemporary book for the energy course. Written for non-science majors, the text presents the physical concepts in easy-to-understand language and asks students to apply those concepts to contemporary energy issues. Students learn to analyze the important questions that face today’s citizens and deal with the answers both qualitatively and quantitatively. End-of-chapter questions provide an opportunity for students to practice what they’ve learned and provide instructors with questions that can be debated in class.

Elementary Climate Physics

Author: F. W. Taylor
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780198567349
Size: 26.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2022
Download Read Online
Climate Physics involves understanding the structure and behaviour of the atmosphere and ocean, the principles of global measurement systems using remote sensing from space, and the elements of computer models, which make quantitative studies and predictions possible. This introductory course aims to clarify the basic mechanisms controlling climate, to apply relatively simple physics to the problem of climate change, and to provide a foundation for more advanced work.

Physics Of Radiation And Climate

Author: Michael A. Box
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146657206X
Size: 28.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 988
Download Read Online
Our current climate is strongly influenced by atmospheric composition, and changes in this composition are leading to climate change. Physics of Radiation and Climate takes a look at how the outward flow of longwave or terrestrial radiation is affected by the complexities of the atmosphere’s molecular spectroscopy. This book examines the planet in its current state and considers the radiation fluxes, including multiple scattering, photochemistry, and the ozone layer, and their impact on our climate overall. Starting from the physical fundamentals of how electromagnetic radiation interacts with the various components of the Earth’s atmosphere, the book covers the essential radiation physics leading to the radiative transfer equation. The book then develops the central physics of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and gases and particles: absorption, emission, and scattering. It examines the physics that describes the absorption and emission of radiation, using quantum mechanics, and scattering, using electromagnetism. It also dedicates a detailed chapter to aerosols, now recognized as a key factor of climate change. Written to be used for a first course in climate physics or a physics elective, the text contains case studies, sample problems, and an extensive reference list as a guide for further research. In addition, the authors: Provide a complete derivation of molecular spectroscopy from quantum mechanical first principles Present a formal derivation of the scattering of radiation by molecules and particles Include the latest results from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5) Physics of Radiation and Climate shows how radiation measurements are used to aid our understanding of weather and climate change and provides an introduction to the atmosphere. This book covers the key branches of physics with a specific focus on thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics.

Environmental Physics

Author: Clare Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134634242
Size: 43.81 MB
Format: PDF
View: 475
Download Read Online
Environmental Physics is a comprehensive introduction to the physical concepts underlying environmental science. The importance and relevance of physics is emphasised by its application to real environmental problems with a wide range of case studies. Applications included cover energy use and production, global climate, the physics of living things, radioactivity, environmental remote sensing, noise pollution and the physics of the Earth. The book makes the subject accessible to those with little physics background, keeping mathematical treatment straightforward. The text is lively and informative, and is supplemented by numerous illustrations, photos, tables of useful data, and a glossary of key terms.