Root Cause Analysis

Author: Robert J. Latino
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439851271
Size: 77.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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What is RCA? It seems like such an easy question to answer, yet from novices to veterans and practitioners to providers, no one seems to have come to agreement or consensus on an acceptable definition for the industry. Now in its fourth edition, Root Cause Analysis: Improving Performance for Bottom-Line Results discusses why it is so hard to get such consensus and why various providers are reluctant for that to happen. See what’s new in the Fourth Edition: Human Error Reduction Techniques (HERT) – new chapter Failure Scene Investigation (FSI) – Disciplined Evidence Gathering Categorical versus Cause-and-Effect RCA Tools Analysis Tools Review The Germination of a Failure Constructing a Logic Tree Introduction of PROACTOnDemandSM The Advantages of Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) The Pros and Cons of RCA Templates Three New Client Case Histories The authors discuss evidence collection and strategy, failure scene investigation techniques, the human element, and the contribution of human performance and human factors to poor decision making. They clarify definitions that can be considered ambiguous and underscore the distinctions between applying PROACT manually using a paper-based system versus using an automated software tool. Written by practitioners for practitioners, the book outlines an entire RCA system which involves a cultural paradigm change about how failure is perceived and acted upon in an organization. The authors’ trademark, down-to-earth style provides a step-by-step action plan for how to construct and implement a root cause analysis system that can be applied to any industry. Read MRI Safety 10 Years Later, co-authored by Robert Latino.

Practical Plant Failure Analysis

Author: Neville W. Sachs
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420020005
Size: 19.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Component failures result from a combination of factors involving materials science, mechanics, thermodynamics, corrosion, and tribology. With the right guidance, you don’t have to be an authority in all of these areas to become skilled at diagnosing and preventing failures. Based on the author’s more than thirty years of experience, Practical Plant Failure Analysis: A Guide to Understanding Machinery Deterioration and Improving Equipment Reliability is a down-to-earth guide to improving machinery maintenance and reliability. Illustrated with hundreds of diagrams and photographs, this book examines... · When and how to conduct a physical failure analysis · Basic material properties including heat treating mechanisms, work hardening, and the effects of temperature changes on material properties · The differences in appearance between ductile overload, brittle overload, and fatigue failures · High cycle fatigue and how to differentiate between high stress concentrations and high operating stresses · Low cycle fatigue and unusual fatigue situations · Lubrication and its influence on the three basic bearing designs · Ball and roller bearings, gears, fasteners, V-belts, and synchronous belts Taking a detailed and systematic approach, Practical Plant Failure Analysis thoroughly explains the four major failure mechanisms—wear, corrosion, overload, and fatigue—as well as how to identify them. The author clearly identifies how these mechanisms appear in various components and supplies convenient charts that demonstrate how to identify the specific causes of failure.

Green Electronics Green Bottom Line

Author: Lee H Goldberg
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080507590
Size: 80.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Environmentally safe engineering is one of the hottest and most controversial topics in technical circles. Though many publications offer theory and intellectual discussion of the topic, this book provides practical, hands-on advice including hints and tips from the nation's top engineers. Green Electronics/Green Bottom Line offers practical advice for engineers and managers who want or need to incorporate environmental issues into the design process. The emerging discipline of Design for the Environment (DfE) combines engineering know-how with environmental awareness. Topics include international policy issues such as ISO 14000, materials selection (e.g., for recyclability), manufacturing concerns like no-flux processes, and design issues such as power consumption. Real-world cases show how these elements can be included in everyday designs. Each chapter opens with a topical cartoon and lively story, interview or editorial. The discussion will then move to specific engineering issues and their economic and social context. The last section explores larger possibilities and new directions still to be explored by engineers concerned with education, health, and environmental quality. Contributors include engineers from Motorola, Analog Devices, Dupont, Compaq, Nortel, AMD, and Apple Computer, and academics from universities in the US, Canada, the UK, and Europe, as well as the Rocky Mountain Institute. An everyday guide to environmentally sound electronics design Contributors include top engineers from the biggest electronics manufacturers and most prestigious universities Real-world cases illustrate topics giving concepts the reader can apply immediately

Probability And Statistics For Computer Scientists Second Edition

Author: Michael Baron
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439875901
Size: 62.82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Student-Friendly Coverage of Probability, Statistical Methods, Simulation, and Modeling Tools Incorporating feedback from instructors and researchers who used the previous edition, Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists, Second Edition helps students understand general methods of stochastic modeling, simulation, and data analysis; make optimal decisions under uncertainty; model and evaluate computer systems and networks; and prepare for advanced probability-based courses. Written in a lively style with simple language, this classroom-tested book can now be used in both one- and two-semester courses. New to the Second Edition Axiomatic introduction of probability Expanded coverage of statistical inference, including standard errors of estimates and their estimation, inference about variances, chi-square tests for independence and goodness of fit, nonparametric statistics, and bootstrap More exercises at the end of each chapter Additional MATLAB® codes, particularly new commands of the Statistics Toolbox In-Depth yet Accessible Treatment of Computer Science-Related Topics Starting with the fundamentals of probability, the text takes students through topics heavily featured in modern computer science, computer engineering, software engineering, and associated fields, such as computer simulations, Monte Carlo methods, stochastic processes, Markov chains, queuing theory, statistical inference, and regression. It also meets the requirements of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). Encourages Practical Implementation of Skills Using simple MATLAB commands (easily translatable to other computer languages), the book provides short programs for implementing the methods of probability and statistics as well as for visualizing randomness, the behavior of random variables and stochastic processes, convergence results, and Monte Carlo simulations. Preliminary knowledge of MATLAB is not required. Along with numerous computer science applications and worked examples, the text presents interesting facts and paradoxical statements. Each chapter concludes with a short summary and many exercises.

Patient Safety

Author: Robert J. Latino
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420087284
Size: 18.43 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 5376
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Are you ready and willing to get to the root causes of problems? As Medicare, Medicaid, and major insurance companies increasingly deny payment for never events, it has become imperative that hospitals and doctors develop new ways to prevent these avoidable catastrophes from recurring. Proactive tools such as root cause analysis (RCA), basic failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), and opportunity analysis (OA) are useful in preventing error, but in healthcare, such tools are often constrained by reticence to share information about mistakes and other problems inherent to the industry. ...well written and extremely applicable to health care. Every healthcare professional should have a copy. - Matthew C. Mireles, President / CEO, Community Medical Foundation for Patient Safety, Bellaire, Texas Patient Safety: The PROACT® Root Cause Analysis Approach addresses the proactive methodologies and organizational paradigms that must change in order to support and sustain such activities in the interest of patient safety. Written by reliability expert Robert J. Latino, this book provides a perspective on patient care from outside the health industry and culture. It teaches a proven approach that measures its effectiveness based on patient safety results, rather than compliance, and demonstrates the Return-On-Investment for using RCA to reduce and/or eliminate undesirable outcomes. Addressing the contribution of human error to physical consequences, Latino explores ways to identify conditions that are more prone to result in human error. It also uses FMEA to proactively identify unacceptable risks, and then uses the concepts of RCA to prevent risks from materializing. Are you ready to be tenacious in your approach and completely honest in your assessment? Root Cause Analysis requires courage and honesty. When properly applied RCA will point out the problems and lead you to solutions. Visit the author's website; find out if RCA is right for your organization Robert J. Latino has spent the past 10 years researching the differences in industrial culture versus the healthcare culture. In this book, he expertly makes the appropriate modifications to proven methodologies to successfully bridge the proactive technologies from industry to healthcare. Additional information, including an audio-visual presentation by the author, is available on the PROACT website at http://www.proactforhealthcare.com

Handbook Of Industrial And Systems Engineering Second Edition

Author: Adedeji B. Badiru
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466515058
Size: 73.20 MB
Format: PDF
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A new edition of a bestselling industrial and systems engineering reference, Handbook of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Second Edition provides students, researchers, and practitioners with easy access to a wide range of industrial engineering tools and techniques in a concise format. This edition expands the breadth and depth of coverage, emphasizing new systems engineering tools, techniques, and models. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Section covering safety, reliability, and quality Section on operations research, queuing, logistics, and scheduling Expanded appendix to include conversion factors and engineering, systems, and statistical formulae Topics such as control charts, engineering economy, health operational efficiency, healthcare systems, human systems integration, Lean systems, logistics transportation, manufacturing systems, material handling systems, process view of work, and Six Sigma techniques The premise of the handbook remains: to expand the breadth and depth of coverage beyond the traditional handbooks on industrial engineering. The book begins with a general introduction with specific reference to the origin of industrial engineering and the ties to the Industrial Revolution. It covers the fundamentals of industrial engineering and the fundamentals of systems engineering. Building on this foundation, it presents chapters on manufacturing, production systems, and ergonomics, then goes on to discuss economic and financial analysis, management, information engineering, and decision making. Two new sections examine safety, reliability, quality, operations research, queuing, logistics, and scheduling. The book provides an updated collation of the body of knowledge of industrial and systems engineering. The handbook has been substantively expanded from the 36 seminal chapters in the first edition to 56 landmark chapters in the second edition. In addition to the 20 new chapters, 11 of the chapters in the first edition have been updated with new materials. Filling the gap that exists between the traditional and modern practice of industrial and systems engineering, the handbook provides a one-stop resource for teaching, research, and practice.

Site Planning And Design Handbook Second Edition

Author: Thomas Russ
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071605592
Size: 52.55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 2180
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Essential site planning and design strategies, up-to-date with the latest sustainable development techniques Discover how to incorporate sound environmental considerations into traditional site design processes. Written by a licensed landscape architect with more than 20 years of professional experience, this authoritative guide combines established approaches to site planning with sustainable practices and increased environmental sensitivity. Fully revised and updated, Site Planning and Design Handbook, Second Edition discusses the latest standards and protocols-including LEED. The book features expanded coverage of green site design topics such as water conservation, energy efficiency, green building materials, site infrastructure, and brownfield restoration. This comprehensive resource addresses the challenges associated with site planning and design and lays the groundwork for success. Site Planning and Design Handbook, Second Edition explains how to: Integrate sustainability into site design Gather site data and perform site analysis Meet community standards and expectations Plan for pedestrians, traffic, parking, and open space Use grading techniques to minimize erosion and maximize site stability Implement low-impact stormwater management and sewage disposal methods Manage brownfield redevelopment Apply landscape ecology principles to site design Preserve historic landscapes and effectively utilize vegetation

Analysis Synthesis And Design Of Chemical Processes

Author: Richard Turton
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0132618125
Size: 25.38 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Process design is the focal point of chemical engineering practice: the creative activity through which engineers continuously improve facility operations to create products that enhance life. Effective chemical engineering design requires students to integrate a broad spectrum of knowledge and intellectual skills, so they can analyze both the big picture and minute details - and know when to focus on each. Through three previous editions, this book has established itself as the leading resource for students seeking to apply what they've learned in real-world, open-ended process problems. The authors help students hone and synthesize their design skills through expert coverage of preliminary equipment sizing, flowsheet optimization, economic evaluation, operation and control, simulation, and other key topics. This new Fourth Edition is extensively updated to reflect new technologies, simulation techniques, and process control strategies, and to include new pedagogical features including concise summaries and end-of-chapter lists of skills and knowledge."--pub. desc.

The Six Sigma Way How To Maximize The Impact Of Your Change And Improvement Efforts Second Edition

Author: Peter Pande
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071823018
Size: 39.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 1504
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The Definitive Work on Six Sigma—Revised and Fully Updated Upon its publication in 2000, The Six Sigma Way was among the very first books to clearly explain the impressive benefits of Six Sigma’s improvement-driven and customer-centric approach to business leaders and managers. It revealed how GE, Motorola, and other companies used Six Sigma to fine-tune products and processes, improve performance, reduce costs, build customer loyalty, and increase profits. Corporate leaders around the world heeded the call and began implementing the tools of this world-changing performance improvement. In short, this book changed the world of business and organization improvement forever. Now, this author dream team has revisited the subject to bring you fully up to date about how Six Sigma has been used—for better and for worse—during the past 14 years. This new edition of The Six Sigma Way retains everything from the original classic— what Six Sigma is, how it works, and how to adapt it to your particular needs—while providing valuable new sections on lessons learned and setting the record straight regarding myths and misunderstandings perpetuated over the years. This all-in-one guide provides: Practical Six Sigma implementation guidelines anyone can understand New insights from managers who successfully applied the advice from the first edition Detailed case studies from such companies as Adobe, Macy’s, and Starwood Hands-on “maps” that guide you through key decisions you must make The definitive guide to successfully implementing Lean Six Sigma approaches into any organization is essential for any manager who wants to stop thinking about building a continuous improvement culture—and actually make it happen. Business has changed dramatically in recent years. Being second best used to be an option; today, being the best is the only way to survive. Take charge of your company’s future and make positive changes The Six Sigma Way.