Small Comrades

Author: Lisa A. Kirschenbaum
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135723389
Size: 11.97 MB
Format: PDF
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Small Comrades is a fascinating examination of Soviet conceptions of childhood and the resulting policies directed toward children. Working on the assumption that cultural representations and self-representations are not entirely separable, this book probes how the Soviet regime's representations structured teachers' observations of their pupils and often adults' recollections of their childhood. The book draws on work that has been done on Soviet schooling, and focuses specifically on the development of curricula and institutions, but it also examines the wider context of the relationship between the family and the state, and to the Bolshevik vision of the "children of October"

Education Nouvelle Et Sciences De L Ducation

Author: Rita Hofstetter
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783039109838
Size: 60.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is about the tumultuous and even passionate relationship between New Education and Educational Sciences, which are regarded as an inseparable -couple-, intrinsically linked and surprisingly fruitful. Yet they remain irreconcilable and are mutually contradictory in a number of their elements and characteristics. Do Educational Sciences offer a scientific base or ideological support for New Education? Do the numerous new educational initiatives and reforms provide a -laboratory- for Educational Sciences or alternatives to the new scientific paradigms? Is this at the risk of their merging? And what is the price of these tensions? Specialists in the history of Educational Sciences and New Education from various geographical, cultural and disciplinary horizons explore the complex links between this powerful reforming movement and the nascent disciplinary field that emerged during the first half of the 20th century. Cet ouvrage analyse les relations tumultueuses - passionnelles meme - de l'Education nouvelle et des Sciences de l'education: un couple indissociable - intrinsequement lie et d'une etonnante fecondite - autant qu'inconciliable, nombre de leurs presupposes et caracteristiques se contredisant mutuellement. Les Sciences de l'education offrent-elles la base scientifique ou l'appui ideologique de l'Education nouvelle ? Les nombreuses experiences et reformes educatives constituent-elles des laboratoires des Sciences de l'education ou des alternatives aux nouveaux paradigmes scientifiques ? Au risque de leur fusion ? Au prix de quelles tensions ? Des specialistes de l'histoire des Sciences de l'education et de l'Education nouvelle d'horizons geographiques, culturels et disciplinaires divers explorent les rapports complexes entre ce puissant mouvement reformiste et le champ disciplinaire naissant durant la premiere moitie du 20e siecle."

Pioneers And Partisans

Author: Anika Walke
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199335532
Size: 47.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Thousands of young Jews were orphaned by the Nazi genocide in the German-occupied Soviet Union and struggled for survival on their own. This book weaves together oral histories, video testimonies, and memoirs produced in the former Soviet Union to show how the first generation of Soviet Jews, born after the foundation of the USSR, experienced the Nazi genocide and how they remember it in a context of social change following the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. The 1930s, a period when the notion interethnic solidarity and social equality were promoted and a partly lived reality, were formative for a cohort of young Jews. Soviet policies of the time established a powerful framework for the ways in which survivors of the genocide understood, survived, and represent their experience of violence and displacement. The book demonstrates that the young Soviet Jews' struggle for survival, and its memory, was shaped by interethnic relationships within the occupied society, German annihilation policy, and Soviet efforts to construct a patriotic unity of the Soviet population. Age and gender were crucial factors for experiencing, surviving, and remembering the Nazi genocide in Soviet territories, an element that Anika Walke emphasizes by investigating the individual and collective efforts to save peoples' lives, in hiding places and partisan formations, and how these efforts were subsequently erased in the construction of the Soviet war portrayal. Pioneers and Partisans demonstrates how the Holocaust unfolded in the German-occupied Soviet territories and how Soviet citizens responded to it. The book does this work through oral histories of atrocities and survival during the German occupation in Minsk and a number of small towns in Eastern Belorussia such as Shchedrin, Slavnoe, Zhlobin, and Shklov. Following particular individuals' stories, framed within the broader historical and cultural context, this book tells of repeated transformations of identity, from Soviet citizen in the prewar years, to a target of genocidal violence during the war, to barely accepted national minority in the postwar Soviet Union.

Stalinism

Author: Alter L. Litvin
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415351089
Size: 55.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Stalinism surveys the efforts made in recent years by professional historians, in Russia and the West, to better understand what really went on in the USSR between 1929 and 1953, when the country's affairs were shrouded in secrecy. The opening of the Soviet archives in 1991 has led to a profusion of historical studies, whose strengths and weaknesses are assessed here impartially though not uncritically. While Joseph Stalin now emerges as a less omnipotent figure than he seemed to be at the time, most serious writers accept that the system over which he ruled was despotic and totalitarian. Some nostalgic nationalists in Russia, along with some Western post-modernists, disagree. Their arguments are carefully dissected here. Stalinism was of course much more than state sponsored terror, and so due attention is paid to a wide range of socio-economic and cultural problems. Keep and Litvin applaud the efforts of Soviet citizens to express dissenting views.

Comparative Education

Author: Robert F. Arnove
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442217774
Size: 49.30 MB
Format: PDF
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Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local remains the same groundbreaking book when it first debuted its collection of outstanding scholars in examining the changing transnational landscape of education. With the addition of new coeditor Stephen Franz, the book provides new perspectives on the dynamic interplay of global, national, and local forces as they shape the functions and outcomes of education systems. The book calls for a rethinking of the nation-state as the basic unit for analyzing school-society relations and emphasizes the need to study social movements in relation to educational reforms. It also emphasizes the value of feminist, postcolonial, and culturally sensitive perspectives for inquiry into the potential of education systems to contribute to individual development and social change. This new edition incorporates recent developments in scholarship, especially in education policy and practice, the impact of the global economic crisis, and a new chapter on education in the European Union.

The Legacy Of The Siege Of Leningrad 1941 1995

Author: Lisa A. Kirschenbaum
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521123556
Size: 37.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The siege of Leningrad constituted one of the most dramatic episodes of World War II, one that individuals and the state began to commemorate almost immediately. Official representations of "heroic Leningrad" omitted and distorted a great deal. Nonetheless, survivors struggling to cope with painful memories often internalized, even if they did not completely accept, the state's myths, and they often found their own uses for the state's monuments. Tracing the overlap and interplay of individual memories and fifty years of Soviet mythmaking, this book contributes to understandings of both the power of Soviet identities and the delegitimizing potential of the Soviet Union's chief legitimizing myths. Because besieged Leningrad blurred the boundaries between the largely male battlefront and the predominantly female home front, it offers a unique vantage point for a study of the gendered dimensions of the war experience, urban space, individual memory, and public commemoration.

Ten Days That Shook The World

Author: John Reed
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486149765
Size: 41.87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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DIVReed's passionately involved narrative captures the opening days of the Russian Revolution, the fall of the provisional government, the assault on the Winter Palace, Lenin's seizure of power, and other tumultuous events. /div