Ten Thousand Democracies

Author: Michael B. Berkman
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589014206
Size: 42.14 MB
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The essence of democracy is popular sovereignty. The people rule. In the United States, citizens exercise this right through elected officials who they believe will best represent their own values and interests. But are those interests and values always being followed? Authors Michael B. Berkman and Eric Plutzer provide the first systematic examination of the extent to which the governments closest to the American public—its 10,000-plus local school boards—respond to the wishes of the majority. Ten Thousand Democracies begins with a look at educational reforms from the Progressive era in the late 19th and early 20th centuries through the civil rights movement and ending with Pennsylvania's 2004 tax relief measure. Berkman and Plutzer explore what factors determine education spending levels in school districts, including the effects of public opinion, the nature of local political institutions, and the roles played by special interests. The authors show how board members are selected, how well the boards represent minorities, whether the public can bypass the board through referenda, and how the schools are financed. By providing an innovative statistical portrait that combines public opinion data with Census data for these school districts, the authors answer questions central to democratic control of our schools: how responsive are school boards to their public and when? How powerful are such special interests such as teachers' unions and senior citizens? By using the lens of America's public school districts to examine the workings of democracy, Ten Thousand Democracies offers new insight not only into the forces shaping local education policy but also how democratic institutions may function throughout all levels of government.

School S In

Author: Paul Manna
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589010906
Size: 75.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"A masterful look at the evolution of the complicated politics surrounding national education policymaking. A must-read whether you study or work on education policy."?Andrew J. Rotherham co-director, Education Sector and Senior Fellow Progressive Policy Institute"A terrific book based on superior scholarship. . . . essential reading for people interested in agenda-setting, policy entrepreneurship, and federalism."?Michael Mintrom, University of Auckland

Scandalous Politics

Author: Juliet F. Gainsborough
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589016156
Size: 38.98 MB
Format: PDF
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Little work has been done to systematically analyze how high-profile incidents of child neglect and abuse shape child welfare policymaking in the United States. In Scandalous Politics, Juliet Gainsborough presents quantitative analysis of all fifty states and qualitative case studies of three states (Florida, Colorado, and New Jersey) that reveal how well-publicized child welfare scandals result in adoption of new legislation and new administrative procedures. Gainsborough’s quantitative analysis suggests that child welfare policymaking is frequently reactive, while the case studies provide more detail about variations and the legislative process. For example, the case studies illustrate how the nature and extent of the policy response varies according to particular characteristics of the political environment in the state and the administrative structure of the child welfare system. Scandalous Politics increases our understanding of the politics of child welfare at both the state and federal level and provides new insights into existing theories of agenda-setting and the policy process. It will be of interest to everyone involved with child welfare policymaking and especially public policy and public administration scholars.

Custodians Of Place

Author: Paul G. Lewis
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589012569
Size: 47.24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Custodians of Place provides a new theoretical framework that accounts for how different types of cities arrive at decisions about residential growth and economic development. Lewis and Neiman surveyed officials in hundreds of California cities of all sizes and socioeconomic characteristics and discovered that city governments often can insulate themselves from short-term political pressures and craft policy that builds on past growth experiences and future vision. What types of cities tend to aggressively pursue industrial or retail firms? What types of cities tend to favor housing over business development? What motivates cities to try to slow residential growth? Custodians of Place answers these and many other questions.

State And Local Government

Author: Ann O’M. Bowman
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1435462688
Size: 71.31 MB
Format: PDF
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The book’s theme of increased capacity and responsiveness of state and local government conveys excitement about politics at the grassroots level and is pro public service. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Competitive Interests

Author: Thomas T. Holyoke
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 158901779X
Size: 42.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Offers insights into the lobbyist and special interest groups that populate today's policymaking, from Arctic oil drilling, environmental conservation and regulating genetically modified food and describes how the intense competition between these groups of advocates causes legislative gridlock. Original.

Democracy Deliberation And Education

Author: Robert Asen
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271073144
Size: 50.48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The local school board is one of America’s enduring venues of lay democracy at work. In Democracy, Deliberation, and Education, Robert Asen takes the pulse of this democratic exemplar through an in-depth study of three local school boards in Wisconsin. In so doing, Asen identifies the broader democratic ideal in the most parochial of American settings. Conducted over two years across racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic lines, Asen’s research reveals as much about the possibilities and pitfalls of local democracy as it does about educational policy. From issues as old as racial integration and as contemporary as the recognition of the Gay-Straight Alliance in high schools, Democracy, Deliberation, and Education illustrates how ordinary folks build and sustain their vision for a community and its future through consequential public decision making. For all the research on school boards conducted in recent years, no other project so directly addresses school boards as deliberative policymaking bodies. Democracy, Deliberation, and Education draws from 250 school-board meetings and 31 interviews with board members and administrators to offer insight into participants’ varied understandings of their roles in the complex mechanism of governance.

Lessons Of Disaster

Author: Thomas A. Birkland
Publisher: Georgetown Univ Pr
ISBN: 9781589011205
Size: 48.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Even before the wreckage of a disaster is cleared, one question is foremost in the minds of the public: "What can be done to prevent this from happening again?" Today, news media and policymakers often invoke the "lessons of September 11" and the "lessons of Hurricane Katrina." Certainly, these unexpected events heightened awareness about problems that might have contributed to or worsened the disasters, particularly about gaps in preparation. Inquiries and investigations are made that claim that "lessons" were "learned" from a disaster, leading us to assume that we will be more ready the next time a similar threat looms, and that our government will put in place measures to protect us. In Lessons of Disaster, Thomas Birkland takes a critical look at this assumption. We know that disasters play a role in setting policy agendas?in getting policymakers to think about problems?but does our government always take the next step and enact new legislation or regulations? To determine when and how a catastrophic event serves as a catalyst for true policy change, the author examines four categories of disasters: aviation security, homeland security, earthquakes, and hurricanes. He explores lessons learned from each, focusing on three types of policy change: change in the larger social construction of the issues surrounding the disaster; instrumental change, in which laws and regulations are made; and political change, in which alliances are created and shifted. Birkland argues that the type of disaster affects the types of lessons learned from it, and that certain conditions are necessary to translate awareness into new policy, including media attention, salience for a large portion of the public, the existence of advocacy groups for the issue, and the preexistence of policy ideas that can be drawn upon. This timely study concludes with a discussion of the interplay of multiple disasters, focusing on the initial government response to Hurricane Katrina and the negative effect the September 11 catastrophe seems to have had on reaction to that tragedy.

Governing Through Crime

Author: Jonathan Simon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195181085
Size: 58.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Across America today gated communities sprawl out from urban centers, employers enforce mandatory drug testing, and schools screen students with metal detectors. Social problems ranging from welfare dependency to educational inequality have been reconceptualized as crimes, with an attendant focus on assigning fault and imposing consequences. Even before the recent terrorist attacks, non-citizen residents had become subject to an increasingly harsh regime of detention and deportation, and prospective employees subjected to background checks. How and when did our everyday world become dominated by fear, every citizen treated as a potential criminal?In this startlingly original work, Jonathan Simon traces this pattern back to the collapse of the New Deal approach to governing during the 1960s when declining confidence in expert-guided government policies sent political leaders searching for new models of governance. The War on Crime offered a ready solution to their problem: politicians set agendas by drawing analogies to crime and redefined the ideal citizen as a crime victim, one whose vulnerabilities opened the door to overweening government intervention. By the 1980s, this transformation of the core powers of government had spilled over into the institutions that govern daily life. Soon our schools, our families, our workplaces, and our residential communities were being governed through crime.This powerful work concludes with a call for passive citizens to become engaged partners in the management of risk and the treatment of social ills. Only by coming together to produce security, can we free ourselves from a logic of domination by others, and from the fear that currently rules our everyday life.

Teaching For Student Learning

Author: Kevin Ryan
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH)
ISBN:
Size: 34.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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To accommodate the evolution of teacher education programs, this new text has been developed for two groups: 1) those serving as interns or student teachers as they complete traditional teacher education programs and 2) new in-service teachers who are part of an alternative certification program. This team of experienced educators and authors offers users a set of very practical tools, skills, and advice that they can put into immediate use in the field. The authors also aim to provoke a high level of engagement and interaction with the program. Retaining the hallmark reader-friendly style and format of the best-selling Ryan/Cooper texts, Teaching for Student Learning's 3-hole punched and perforated format, with 25 brief, to-the-point chapters ("modules"), makes it easy for busy teachers to quickly find, understand, and use key information related to their most pressing needs. Accompanying CL Video Cases available on the Online Teaching and Study Centers are directly tied to the text and allow students to see the concepts in the text brought to life in real classrooms.