The Eu And Nanotechnologies

Author: Tanja Ehnert
ISBN: 9781509908509
Size: 20.77 MB
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This book investigates the role of law in confronting major societal transformations, namely globalisation and the emergence of nanotechnologies. Taking the case of the European Union, it explores who the key decision-makers in the field of nanotechnologies are and how they take decisions. Questions are explored through two distinct case studies: the food and chemicals sectors. The incremental retreat of the European Union to its executive powers, including 'soft law' measures such as agencies' guidelines or comitology measures, is charted. This, the author argues, results in the Union's fundamental democratic control mechanisms-the EU legislature and the Court of Justice-being circumvented. The book recommends several immediate proposals to reform EU risk regulation, advocating a greater reliance on the European Parliament and outlining measures to increase the transparency of guidance drafting by EU agencies. This important work provides a timely examination of how emerging technologies pose both regulatory and democratic challenges. Based on a revised Phd thesis. (Series: Modern Studies in European Law) [Subject: Information Technology Law, EU Law]

Nanotechnology And Ethical Governance In The European Union And China

Author: Sally Dalton-Brown
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319182331
Size: 26.69 MB
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This book addresses questions surrounding the feasibility of a global approach to ethical governance of science and technology. The emergence and rapid spread of nanotechnology offers a test case for how the world might act when confronted with a technology that could transform the global economy and provide solutions to issues such as pollution, while potentially creating new environmental and health risks. The author compares ethical issues identified by stakeholders in China and the EU about the rapid introduction of this potentially transformative technology – a fitting framework for an exploration of global agency. The study explores the discourse ethics and participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) inspired by the work of Jürgen Habermas to argue that different views can be universally recognized and agreed upon, perhaps within an ideal global community of communication. The book offers a developed discourse model, utilizing virtue ethics as well as the work of Taylor, Beck, Korsgaard and others on identity formation, as a way forward in the context of global ethics. The author seeks to develop new vocabularies of comparison, to discover shared aspects of identity and to achieve, hopefully, an ‘intercultural personhood’ that may lead to a global ethics. The book offers a useful guide for researchers on methods for advancing societal understanding of science and technology. The author addresses a broad audience, from philosophers, ethicists and scientists, to the interested general reader. For the layperson, one chapter surveys nanoissues as depicted in fiction and another offers a view of how an ordinary citizen can act as a global agent of change in ethics.

Nanotechnologies And Food Evidence

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108459238
Size: 44.79 MB
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Nanotechnologies and Food : 1st report of session 2009-10, Vol. 2: Evidence

Nanotechnology And Global Sustainability

Author: Donald Maclurcan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439855773
Size: 14.31 MB
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The rise of collaborative consumption, peer-to-peer systems, and not-for-profit social enterprise heralds the emergence of a new era of human collectivity. Increasingly, this consolidation stems from an understanding that big-banner issues—such as climate change—are not the root causes of our present global predicament. There is a growing and collective view that issues such as this are actually symptoms of a much more vicious, seemingly insurmountable condition: our addiction to economic, consumption, and population growth in a world of finite resources. Nanotechnology and Global Sustainability uses nanotechnology—the product of applied scientific knowledge to control and utilize matter at atomic and molecular scales—as a lens through which to explore the interrelationship between innovation, politics, economy, and sustainability. This groundbreaking book addresses how stakeholders can actively reshape agendas to create positive and sustainable futures through this latest controversial, cross-sectoral technology. It moves beyond issues of efficiency, productivity, and utility, exploring the insights of 22 contributors from around the world, whose work spans the disciplines of science and the humanities. Their combined knowledge, reinforced with various case studies, introduces an exciting prospect—how we can innovate without economic growth. This new volume in the Perspectives in Nanotechnology series is edited by Dr. Donald Maclurcan and Dr. Natalia Radywyl. Dr. Maclurcan is a social innovator and Honorary Research Fellow with the Institute for Nanoscale Technology at the University of Technology Sydney, Australia. Dr. Radywyl is a social researcher and Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Culture and Communication at the University of Melbourne, Australia. She is also an Adjunct Research Fellow in the Faculty of Life and Social Sciences at Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne. This book is written for a wide audience and will be of particular interest to activists, scholars, policy makers, scientists, business professionals, and others who seek an understanding of how we might justly transition to sustainable societies.

Trade Health And The Environment

Author: Marjolein van Asselt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134595654
Size: 68.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The trade conflicts that the EU has faced within the EU or WTO context demonstrate that the question of how to balance trade and other societal values in situations of uncertainty has not been solved by the regulatory model evolved by the EU in the aftermath of the BSE crisis – one which privileges processes of depoliticisation and scientification. This book addresses the current key dilemmas around science, law and the regulation of trade, both on a regime level and in the context of particular industrial sectors, e.g pharmaceuticals, climate change and nanotechnology. It will present possible future research avenues by looking at both theory and practice and learning from various disciplines (law and social sciences), legal realities (WTO, USA and EU) and actors (regulators, stakeholders, courts).


Author: Union européenne. Direction générale de la recherche
ISBN: 9789279214370
Size: 78.79 MB
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This compendium has been specifically developed to provide the educational communities with relevant, accurate and updated materials to inform, motivate and inspire young people to know more about nanosciences and nanotechnologies concepts and applications. It has been developed within the context of the European research project Nanoyou, and it has been enriched by the authors with numerous and multifaceted inputs, reflections and insights on societal issues, also provided by the European project TimeforNano. The outcomes from all these efforts have been integrated into a comprehensive and fully referenced book to present a single, balanced compendium about these disciplines. Theory, application, experiments and discussion on the ethical, societal and safety aspects are organised in self-contained modules that offer increased flexibility throughout the development of the course. Also, a case study approach provides educators and teachers with practical applications and examples to discuss in class, supported by online tutor web portals to enable participating in virtual dialogues, experiments and games. The lessons, discussions on applications and hands-on experiments presented in this book have been tested and enriched from 2010 to 2011 by hundreds of teachers, professors and educators from about one thousand schools in 20 countries in Europe and beyond, involving about 40.000 students. This stimulating, challenging and enriching experience enabled us to produce the far-reaching, broadranging and inclusive book you have in your hands. -- Publisher description.

Nanotechnology For Sustainable Manufacturing

Author: David Rickerby
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482214830
Size: 78.76 MB
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Nanotechnology has the potential to play an important role in increasing the sustainability of a wide range of industrial sectors. Nanomaterials could contribute to more sustainable manufacturing through cleaner, less wasteful production processes and can substitute conventional materials, leading to savings in raw materials and energy. Nanotechnology for Sustainable Manufacturing discusses recent progress in the areas of energy and materials efficiency related to resource savings and conservation of raw materials, which are drivers for the application of nanotechnology in the industrial setting. Written by leading experts from Europe, North America, Asia, and Australia, the book provides an innovative perspective by establishing connections between the subject areas associated with nanotechnology and by bridging the academic and industrial research gap. The topics covered include electronics, agrifood, aerospace, pulp and paper manufacturing, batteries, catalysts, solar energy, fuel cells, drinking water, and construction materials. The chapters offer insights into the diverse industries that are currently or likely to be impacted by developments in nanotechnology and nanomaterials. They cover applications such as nanotechnology for alternative energy generation, improving water quality, and novel uses in agriculture and forest products. The book also addresses the use of life-cycle analysis for assessing the sustainability of nanotechnology-based products and processes.

Nanotechnologies In Food

Author: Qasim Chaudhry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854041699
Size: 33.68 MB
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This book provides a source of much needed and up-to-date information on the products and applications of nanotechnology for the food sector - for scientists, regulators, and consumers alike. It also gives an independent, balanced, and impartial view of the potential benefits as well as risks that nanotechnology applications may bring to the food sector. Whilst providing an overview of the state-of-the-art and foreseeable applications to highlight opportunities for innovation, the book also discusses areas of uncertainty in relation to public perception of the new technological developments, and potential implications for consumer safety and current regulatory controls. The book also discusses the likely public perceptions of nanotechnologies in the light of past technological developments in the food sector, and how the new technology will possibly be regulated under the existing regulatory frameworks.Recent developments in the field of nanotechnology have paved the way for lots of innovation in a number of industrial and consumer sectors, including food and food packaging. Whilst nanofood sector is a relatively new emergent, it is widely expected to grow rapidly in the future. A number of nano-sized additives and supplements for food and healthfood products, and nanotechnology derived food packaging materials, are already available in some countries, and their number is expected to increase in the coming years. Whilst such developments offer enormous benefits to the food sector, they have also raised a number of issues in relation to consumer safety, environmental impacts, and ethical, policy and regulatory aspects.Despite these rapid developments in nanotechnology applications for the food sector, prior to this book only a few reports and articles were available that provide an account of the new developments and the current size of market for nanotechnology products and applications. These do not provide a critical evaluation of the broader aspects of the technology, such as issues around safety of the products to consumers and the environment, and adequacy of the existing regulatory controls.

Sustainable Development Knowledge Society And Smart Future Manufacturing Technologies

Author: Walter Leal Filho
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319148834
Size: 35.35 MB
Format: PDF
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The book contributes to a better understanding of the role of knowledge societies in achieving sustainability. It is based on the conference with the same title held in Riga, which brought together experts from Europe and the rest of the world. The book highlights sustainable development in relation to the knowledge society and smart future manufacturing technologies, and it helps provide a better understanding of the interplay between sustainable development and knowledge society issues, and how these could lead to a better future.

Nanotechnologies Hazards And Resource Efficiency

Author: Michael Steinfeldt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540738152
Size: 45.81 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Taking as its subject matter one aspect of the hugely important subject of nanotechnology, this book demonstrates that the application of nanotechnology in industry can result in increased eco-efficiency and other environmental gains. It also shows what needs to be done from the point of view of scientists, engineers and science policy makers to guide future development in nanotechnology towards sustainability.