The International Trade Policy For Technology Transfers

Author: Yi Shin Tang
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041128255
Size: 30.43 MB
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This book provides a robust guideline to both policymakers and researchers wishing to identify and categorize the factors that influence the process of technology flows across national boundaries, as well as the economic theories and legal arguments that may support a given position in international forums. In particular, the work discusses how certain negotiation strategies may optimally deal with such barriers and lead to more effective institutional arrangements in the current global geography of technological development.

International Technology Transfer To Developing Countries

Author: Kamal Saggi
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
ISBN: 9780850927955
Size: 52.20 MB
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Bridging the technology gap is an issue faced by most countries but in developing countries the issue is doubly critical; not only do they lag further behind relative to other countries but they face more stringent resource constraints.Part one of this report identifies the role played by existing policy in trade, foreign direct investment and intellectual property rights in facilitating International Technology Transfer (ITT). Pertinent analysis of the major implications of the report is given.Part TwoThe WTO Working Group on Trade and Technology Transfer was established with the aim of encouraging technology transfer to developing countries. This section outlines the Group’s Findings for increasing flows of technology.This title provides a thorough overview of the economics of ITT relevant to developing countries and will be invaluable as a reference tool for policy makers, trade officials and trade negotiators.Kamal Saggi is Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Economics at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Global Integration And Technology Transfer

Author: Bernard M. Hoekman
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821361269
Size: 27.48 MB
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The importance of international technology diffusion (ITD) for economic development can hardly be overstated. Both the acquisition of technology and its diffusion foster productivity growth. Developing countries have long sought to use both national policies and international agreements to stimulate ITD. The 'correct' policy intervention, if any, depends critically upon the channels through which technology diffuses internationally and the quantitative effects of the various diffusion processes on efficiency and productivity growth. Neither is well understood. New technologies may be embodied in goods and transferred through imports of new varieties of differentiated products or capital goods and equipment, they may be obtained through exposure to foreign buyers or foreign investors or they may be acquired through arms-length trade in intellectual property, e.g., licensing contracts. 'Global Integration and Technology Transfer' uses cross-country and firm level panel data sets to analyze how specific activities exporting, importing, FDI, joint ventures impact on productivity performance.

Barriers To International Technology Transfer

Author: J. Kirkland
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792343608
Size: 44.58 MB
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The importance of technology transfer to innovation and wealth creation is now recog nised by most governments. As the policy debate has intensified, however, it has become clear that the problem of encouraging successful transfer is complex, and requires an interdisciplinary approach. The collection of papers in this volume is deliberately diverse. It offers perspectives from economics, sociology, science, engineering and public administration, and also from outside academic life, from those involved at the 'sharp end' of technology licensing and administering government research programmes. Contributions are also drawn from a rangeofnational backgrounds-the authors are drawn from ten countries, from through out Europe and North America. The main focus for the papers was a NATOAdvanced Study Workshop, which took place at the National Institute ofEconomic and Social Research, London, in September 1995. Unfortunately time and space has prevented all of the contributions appearing here, but all those who attended played an important role in making the event such a success. Thanks are also due to Dr Alain Jubier and his colleagues at NATO, without whose support and advice the seminarcould not have take place, to my fellow organising committee members Dr Katalin Balazs, Dr Linda Parker and Professor Steve Woolgar, and to Monica Miglior who, in addition to assisting in the conference organisation, pro vided detailed notes on sessions which helped greatly in later analysis.

Law And Politics Of West East Technology Transfer

Author: Hiroshi Oda
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9780792309901
Size: 77.42 MB
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This book is based on an international conference at the University of Tokyo on CoCom and its related export control system'. Despite the changes in the overall political climate, such as the new thinking' in Soviet foreign policy, it seems that CoCom will continue to function for some years. Although the scope of control has been narrowed, the control itself has been tightened. All the old problems which caused conflicts within and outside CoCom still exist. The United States is still exercising export controls in an extra-territorial way via its extensive re-export control system. The 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act remains unaltered, notwithstanding its controversial nature. This book is a major contribution to the discussion of current legal and political issues concerning export controls, a discussion which has gained greatly in importance as a result of the Gulf crisis.

Transnational Corporations Technology Transfer And Development

Author: Tagi Sagafi-nejad
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483189791
Size: 20.51 MB
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Transnational Corporations, Technology Transfer and Development: A Bibliographic Sourcebook compiles references one can use in studying transnational corporations and related topics. The compilation divides various source materials into eight major themes. The sourcebook presents publications on the development of science and technology; the International Technology Gap and the NIEO; and transnational corporations and technology. The other groups of publications compiled mainly focus on the anatomy of corporate technology transfer; technology transfer and host countries; and sectoral analysis, wherein several case studies are included. The last two sets of reference materials are concerned with technology transfer and the home country and its regulation. This sourcebook will be invaluable to those in need of lists of reference materials on transnational corporations.

International Trade Policies And Climate Change Governance

Author: P.K. Rao
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642252524
Size: 30.61 MB
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This work offers a synthesis of the current approaches toward an integration of international trade and climate change, with a view to fostering potential improvements in policies and institutions affecting these. A number of pragmatic measures are proposed with reference to the WTO and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regimes, which are expected to contribute toward enhanced climate change governance, as well as promoting international trade.

International Technology Transfer To Developing Countries

Author: Kamal Saggi
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
ISBN: 9780850927955
Size: 22.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 4845
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Bridging the technology gap is an issue faced by most countries but in developing countries the issue is doubly critical; not only do they lag further behind relative to other countries but they face more stringent resource constraints.Part one of this report identifies the role played by existing policy in trade, foreign direct investment and intellectual property rights in facilitating International Technology Transfer (ITT). Pertinent analysis of the major implications of the report is given.Part TwoThe WTO Working Group on Trade and Technology Transfer was established with the aim of encouraging technology transfer to developing countries. This section outlines the Group’s Findings for increasing flows of technology.This title provides a thorough overview of the economics of ITT relevant to developing countries and will be invaluable as a reference tool for policy makers, trade officials and trade negotiators.Kamal Saggi is Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Economics at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas, USA.

India And The Soviet Union

Author: Santosh K. Mehrotra
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521362023
Size: 76.94 MB
Format: PDF
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India was the Soviet Union's most important trading partner among the less developed countries (LDCs) and the largest recipient of Soviet aid to non-socialist LDCs. Similarly the Soviet Union is one of India's largest trade partners. In this 1991 book, Santosh Mehrotra presents a comprehensive study of this trading relationship and the transfer of technology from the Soviet Union. He begins by outlining Indian economic strategy since the 1950s and the role of Soviet and East European technical assistance. Part II examines Soviet technological transfer to India since 1955. The final chapters analyse Indo-Soviet trade in the 1970s and 1980s, covering payment arrangements and bilateral trading. The book is an exhaustive analysis of economic relations between an industrialised planned economy and a developing market economy. It will therefore become essential reading for students and specialists of development economics and international relations as well as for government and institutional economists in international trade and finance.

Mode Of Foreign Entry Technology Transfer And Fdi Policy

Author: Aaditya Mattoo
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN:
Size: 27.65 MB
Format: PDF
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When technology transfer is costly, a foreign firm and host country government may differ in their preferences over direct entry and acquisition. Government intervention could help induce the socially preferred choice.