The Structure Of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674417933
Size: 64.14 MB
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The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.

The Structure Of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674417925
Size: 52.23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 2709
Download Read Online
The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.

The Structure Of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: 清华大学出版社有限公司
ISBN: 9780674006133
Size: 23.84 MB
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Presents a critique of classical Darwinism, covering its core elements, history, and origins, and offers a new structure of evolutionary thought.

The Structure And Confirmation Of Evolutionary Theory

Author: Elisabeth Anne Lloyd
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691000466
Size: 69.43 MB
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Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.

I Have Landed

Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674061624
Size: 13.92 MB
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As always in his popular writing, Gould conveys the ideas that science professionals exchange among themselves, minus only the technical jargon. In the title essay, he details his grandfather's journey from Hungary to America, and in a moving epilogue that has been hailed as a powerful testament, Gould writes about September 11.

Punctuated Equilibrium

Author: Stephen Jay GOULD
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674037847
Size: 29.20 MB
Format: PDF
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In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould took the scientific world by storm with his paper on punctuated equilibrium. Challenging a core assumption of Darwin's theory of evolution, it launched the controversial idea that the majority of species originates in geological moments (punctuations) and persists in stasis. Now, thirty-five years later, Punctuated Equilibrium offers his only book-length testament on a theory he fiercely promoted, repeatedly refined, and tirelessly defended.

Ontogeny And Phylogeny

Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674639416
Size: 49.60 MB
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Prospectus; The analogistic tradition from anaximander to bonnet; Transcendental origins, 1793-1860; Evolutionary triumph, 1859-1900; Pervasive influence; Decline, fall, and generalization; Heterochrony and paedomorphosis; Heterochrony and the parallel of ontogeny and phylogeny; The ecological and evolutionary significance of heterochrony; Progenesis and neoteny; Retardation and neoteny in human evolution.

Ever Since Darwin Reflections In Natural History

Author: Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393340414
Size: 63.46 MB
Format: PDF
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More than any other modern scientists, Stephen Jay Gould has opened up to millions the wonders of evolutionary biology. His genius as an essayist lies in his unmatched ability to use his knowledge of the world, including popular culture, to illuminate the realm of science. Ever Since Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould's first book, has sold more than a quarter of a million copies. Like all succeeding collections by this unique writer, it brings the art of the scientific essay to unparalleled heights.

An Evolutionary Theory Of Economic Change

Author: Richard R. Nelson
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674041431
Size: 51.46 MB
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This book contains the most sustained and serious attack on mainstream, neoclassical economics in more than forty years. Nelson and Winter focus their critique on the basic question of how firms and industries change overtime. They marshal significant objections to the fundamental neoclassical assumptions of profit maximization and market equilibrium, which they find ineffective in the analysis of technological innovation and the dynamics of competition among firms. To replace these assumptions, they borrow from biology the concept of natural selection to construct a precise and detailed evolutionary theory of business behavior. They grant that films are motivated by profit and engage in search for ways of improving profits, but they do not consider them to be profit maximizing. Likewise, they emphasize the tendency for the more profitable firms to drive the less profitable ones out of business, but they do not focus their analysis on hypothetical states of industry equilibrium. The results of their new paradigm and analytical framework are impressive. Not only have they been able to develop more coherent and powerful models of competitive firm dynamics under conditions of growth and technological change, but their approach is compatible with findings in psychology and other social sciences. Finally, their work has important implications for welfare economics and for government policy toward industry.