Who Belongs

Author: Mika?la M. Adams
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190619481
Size: 28.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Who can lay claim to a legally-recognized Indian identity? Who decides whether or not an individual qualifies? The right to determine tribal citizenship is fundamental to tribal sovereignty, but deciding who belongs has a complicated history, especially in the South. Indians who remained in the South following removal became a marginalized and anomalous people in an emerging biracial world. Despite the economic hardships and assimilationist pressures they faced, they insisted on their political identity as citizens of tribal nations and rejected Euro-American efforts to reduce them to another racial minority, especially in the face of Jim Crow segregation. Drawing upon their cultural traditions, kinship patterns, and evolving needs to protect their land, resources, and identity from outsiders, southern Indians constructed tribally-specific citizenship criteria, in part by manipulating racial categories - like blood quantum - that were not traditional elements of indigenous cultures. Mika?la M. Adams investigates how six southern tribes-the Pamunkey Indian Tribe of Virginia, the Catawba Indian Nation of South Carolina, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida-decided who belonged. By focusing on the rights and resources at stake, the effects of state and federal recognition, the influence of kinship systems and racial ideologies, and the process of creating official tribal rolls, Adams reveals how Indians established legal identities. Through examining the nineteenth and twentieth century histories of these Southern tribes, Who Belongs? quashes the notion of an essential "Indian" and showcases the constantly-evolving process of defining tribal citizenship.

Who Belongs

Author: Mikaëla M. Adams
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190619465
Size: 49.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 2509
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Who can lay claim to a legally-recognized Indian identity? Who decides whether or not an individual qualifies? The right to determine tribal citizenship is fundamental to tribal sovereignty, but deciding who belongs has a complicated history, especially in the South. Indians who remained in the South following removal became a marginalized and anomalous people in an emerging biracial world. Despite the economic hardships and assimilationist pressures they faced, they insisted on their political identity as citizens of tribal nations and rejected Euro-American efforts to reduce them to another racial minority, especially in the face of Jim Crow segregation. Drawing upon their cultural traditions, kinship patterns, and evolving needs to protect their land, resources, and identity from outsiders, southern Indians constructed tribally-specific citizenship criteria, in part by manipulating racial categories - like blood quantum - that were not traditional elements of indigenous cultures. Mikaëla M. Adams investigates how six southern tribes-the Pamunkey Indian Tribe of Virginia, the Catawba Indian Nation of South Carolina, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida-decided who belonged. By focusing on the rights and resources at stake, the effects of state and federal recognition, the influence of kinship systems and racial ideologies, and the process of creating official tribal rolls, Adams reveals how Indians established legal identities. Through examining the nineteenth and twentieth century histories of these Southern tribes, Who Belongs? quashes the notion of an essential "Indian" and showcases the constantly-evolving process of defining tribal citizenship.

The Myth Of The Medieval Jewish Moneylender

Author: Julie L. Mell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319341863
Size: 38.26 MB
Format: PDF
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This book challenges a common historical narrative, which portrays medieval Jews as moneylenders who filled an essential economic role in Europe. Where Volume I traced the development of the narrative in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and refuted it with an in-depth study of English Jewry, Volume II explores the significance of dissolving the Jewish narrative for European history. It extends the study from England to northern France, the Mediterranean, and central Europe and deploys the methodologies of legal, cultural, and religious history alongside economic history. Each chapter offers a novel interpretation of key topics, such as the Christian usury campaign, the commercial revolution, and gift economy / profit economy, to demonstrate how the revision of Jewish history leads to new insights in European history.

Brothers And Friends

Author: Natalie R. Inman
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820351105
Size: 38.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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By following key families in Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Anglo-American societies from the Seven Years’ War through 1845, this study illustrates how kinship networks—forged out of natal, marital, or fictive kinship relationships—enabled and directed the actions of their members as they decided the futures of their nations. Natalie R. Inman focuses in particular on the Chickasaw Colbert family, the Anglo-American Donelson family, and the Cherokee families of Attakullakulla (Little Carpenter) and Major Ridge. Her research shows how kinship facilitated actions and goals for people in early America across cultures, even if the definitions and constructions of family were different in each society. To open new perspectives on intercultural relations in the colonial and early republic eras, Inman describes the formation and extension of these networks, their intersection with other types of personal and professional networks, their effect on crucial events, and their mutability over time. The Anglo-American patrilineal kinship system shaped patterns of descent, inheritance, and migration. The matrilineal native system was an avenue to political voice, connections between towns, and protection from enemies. In the volatile trans-Appalachian South, Inman shows, kinship networks helped to further political and economic agendas at both personal and national levels even through wars, revolutions, fiscal change, and removals. Comparative analysis of family case studies advances the historiography of early America by revealing connections between the social institution of family and national politics and economies. Beyond the British Atlantic world, these case studies can be compared to other colonial scenarios in which the cultures and families of Europeans collided with native peoples in the Americas, Africa, Australia, and other contexts.

We Will Always Be Here

Author: Denise E. Bates
Publisher: Other Southerners
ISBN: 9780813062631
Size: 53.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Adding to the growing scholarship on Native history in the American South, Denise Bates here gathers first-hand views from current tribal leaders and activists who are on the front lines of modern debates over identity and sovereignty.

The Invention Of The Creek Nation 1670 1763

Author: Steven C. Hahn
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803224148
Size: 27.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this context, the territorially defined Creek Nation emerged as a legal concept in the era of the French and Indian War, as imperial policies of an earlier era gave way to the territorial politics that marked the beginning of a new one."--BOOK JACKET.

Living With War

Author: Robert Teigrob
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442699183
Size: 37.58 MB
Format: PDF
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Canada and the United States: we think of one as a peaceable kingdom, the other as a warrior nation. But do our expectations about each country’s attitudes to war and peace match the realities? In Living with War, Robert Teigrob examines how war is experienced and remembered on both sides of the 49th parallel. Surveying popular and scholarly histories, films and literature, public memorials, and museum exhibits in both countries, he comes to some startling conclusions. Americans may seem more patriotic, even jingoistic, but they are also more willing to debate the pros and cons of their military actions. Canadians, though more diffident in their public displays of patriotism, are more willing than their southern neighbors to accept the official narrative that depicts just wars fought in the service of a righteous cause. A provocative book that complements critiques of contemporary Canadian militarism such as Warrior Nation, Living with War offers an intriguing look at the relationship with the military past on both sides of the border.

Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 Excel 2016 Introductory

Author: Steven M. Freund
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305981936
Size: 37.72 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Discover the latest advancements in Microsoft Office and Excel 2016 with MICROSOFT OFFICE 365 & EXCEL 2016: INTRODUCTORY -- the new edition in today’s generation of acclaimed Shelly Cashman Series books. For more than three decades, the Shelly Cashman Series has effectively introduced advanced computer skills to millions. MICROSOFT OFFICE 365 & EXCEL 2016: INTRODUCTORY continues the Series’ strong history of innovation with a proven learning approach enhanced to address the varied learning styles of today’s learners. A trademark step-by-step, screen-by-screen approach encourages readers to expand their understanding of Microsoft Excel 2016 through experimentation, critical thought, and personalization. This new edition delivers effective educational materials specifically designed to introduce key features, improve retention, and prepare readers for success with the latest MS Office and Excel 2016. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Black Slaves Indian Masters

Author: Barbara Krauthamer
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469607107
Size: 71.25 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South

The Mindfulness Companion

Author: Dr. Sarah Jane Arnold
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781782435815
Size: 55.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Transform your day with the activities and guided colouring in this journal. Learn more about what mindfulness is - and how to do it - while also enjoying the focussed calm it can bring to your life.Each of the stunning patterns that fill this book is accompanied by a gentle exercise in mindfulness, created by Chartered Counselling Psychologist and mindfulness practitioner Dr Sarah Jane Arnold. There is also space to write your thoughts and feelings, along with inspirational quotes that work together to help harness your creativity and promote your well-being